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2021-06-17

What is the 5 kingdom system of classification?

What is the 5 kingdom system of classification?

Whittaker proposed an elaborate five kingdom classification – Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae and Animalia. The main criteria of the five kingdom classification were cell structure, body organisation, mode of nutrition and reproduction, and phylogenetic relationships.

What are the 4 kingdoms of classification?

Four kingdoms

Empire Prokaryota Kingdom Monera
Empire Eukaryota Kingdom Protista or Protoctista Kingdom Plantae Kingdom Animalia

What are the 3 main shapes of bacteria?

Individual bacteria can assume one of three basic shapes: spherical (coccus), rodlike (bacillus), or curved (vibrio, spirillum, or spirochete). Considerable variation is seen in the actual shapes of bacteria, and cells can be stretched or compressed in one dimension.

What are three examples of bacteria?

Examples of Bacteria:

  • Lactobacillus acidophilus found in yogurt.
  • Staphylococcus aureus found on our skin.
  • Escherichia coli found in our gut to aid in digestion.
  • Staphlyococcuspneumoniae which causes pneumonia.
  • Clostridium botulinum which can contaminate canned goods and cause botulism. Related Links: Examples.

Which type of cell is the oldest?

prokaryotes

What is the smallest type of cell?

Mycoplasma

What was the first single celled organism?

Is egg a cell?

membrane and everything else inside is considered the cell, it can be said that it is a single cell. Then, the chicken egg deserves its reputation as the largest cell. If, however you consider the yolk and the albumen (the egg white), separate structures, then eggs are not a single cell.

What is the function of egg cell?

Egg cells, or ova, are the cells utilized by female organisms to reproduce offspring. In contrast, the reproductive cells used by males are referred to as sperm. In mammals, a new individual is formed when an egg from the mother and a sperm from the father come together and allow their genetic material to fuse.

What part of egg is the chicken?

The yolk has a small white spot on it called the egg cell or germinal disc. This is the part of the egg from which the baby chick develops. The yolk provides food for the baby chick while it is growing in the shell. The albumen is the thick clear substance surrounding the yolk.

What is a fertilized egg called?

The fertilized egg (zygote) begins to develop into a hollow ball of cells called the blastocyst. The blastocyst implants in the wall of uterus.

What is the 5 kingdom system of classification?

Whittaker proposed an elaborate five kingdom classification – Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae and Animalia. The main criteria of the five kingdom classification were cell structure, body organisation, mode of nutrition and reproduction, and phylogenetic relationships.

What are the 4 kingdoms of classification?

Four kingdoms

Empire Prokaryota Kingdom Monera
Empire Eukaryota Kingdom Protista or Protoctista Kingdom Plantae Kingdom Animalia

What is the most common type of algae?

Golden-brown algae

What kind of living organisms are classified under algae give three examples?

Algae (singular: alga) Protozoa (singular: protozoan) Fungi (singular: fungus)

What kind of living organisms are classified as algae give two examples?

Give two examples. Simple plant-like organisms that have cell walls and chlorophyll are classified as algae. They lack roots, stems or leaves, but are able to make their own food through the process of photosynthesis. Two examples of algae are Spirogyra and Fucus.

What kind of organism is green algae?

Chlorophyta: division of the kingdom of protista consisting of the photosyntetic organism commonly known as green algae. The various species can be unicellular, multi-cellular, coenocytic (having more than one nucleus in a cell), or colonial.

What are the two types of green algae?

Green algae, variable in size and shape, include single-celled (Chlamydomonas, desmids), colonial (Hydrodictyon, Volvox), filamentous (Spirogyra, Cladophora), and tubular (Actebularia, Caulerpa) forms. Sexual reproduction is common, with gametes that have two or four flagella.

What is a fun fact about green algae?

Kelps are the largest algaes. They can be more than 200 feet. It is the major food for fishes. The oceans cover about 71% of the Earth’s surface, yet algae produce more than 71% of the Earth’s oxygen; in fact, some scientists believe that algae produce 87% of the world’s oxygen.

Why are algae green in Colour where do they grow?

Photoreceptors absorb light energy, and chlorophyll specifically absorbs energy from sunlight 15. Chlorophyll makes plants and algae appear green because it reflects the green wavelengths found in sunlight, while absorbing all other colors.

Why are plants green quizlet?

Green photosynthetic organisms that use chlorophyll absorb light energy in red and blue wavelengths. They do not absorb green light! Plants appear green because their chlorophyll containing chloroplasts reflecting green wavelength. Visible light is composed of different wavelengths of energy.