What is palpation in physical examination?
Palpation is a method of feeling with the fingers or hands during a physical examination. The health care provider touches and feels your body to examine the size, consistency, texture, location, and tenderness of an organ or body part.
What is physical examination of urine?
Physical examination of urine includes description of color, odor, clarity, volume, and specific gravity. Chemical examination of urine includes the identification of protein, blood cells, glucose, pH, bilirubin, urobilinogen, ketone bodies, nitrites, and leukocyte esterase.
What is the importance of physical examination of urine?
Why the Test is Performed As part of a routine medical exam to screen for early signs of disease. If you have signs of diabetes or kidney disease, or to monitor you if you are being treated for these conditions. To check for blood in the urine. To diagnose a urinary tract infection.
What are the types of urine test?
Examples of specific urinalysis tests that may be done to check for problems include:
- Red blood cell urine test.
- Glucose urine test.
- Protein urine test.
- Urine pH level test.
- Ketones urine test.
- Bilirubin urine test.
- Urine specific gravity test.
How do you perform the chemical examination?
The test pads have chemicals in them. When a strip is briefly, but completely, dipped into urine, the test pads absorb the urine and a chemical reaction changes the colour of the pad.
What is RBC in a urine test?
Blood in the urine means there are red blood cells (RBCs) in the urine. Often, the urine looks normal to the naked eye. But when checked under a microscope, it contains a high number of red blood cells. In some cases, the urine is pink, red, or the color of tea, which you can see without a microscope.
What does blood 3+ in urine mean?
Hematuria Causes and Risk Factors You might have blood in your urine because of: Urinary tract or kidney infections. Bladder or kidney stones. Certain kidney diseases, such as inflammation in the filtering system (glomerulonephritis) An enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia) or prostate cancer.
How do you read a urine report?
- Acidity (pH). The pH level indicates the amount of acid in urine.
- Concentration. A measure of concentration, or specific gravity, shows how concentrated particles are in your urine.
- Protein. Low levels of protein in urine are normal.
- Evidence of infection.
What is the normal report of urine test?
Urine Routine Test Normal Values
|Specific gravity||1.005 to 1.025|
|pH||4.5 to 8|
|Glucose||≤130 mg/d(milligrams per day)|
What color is dilute urine?
Within the normal range of urine color, you may see: Pale yellow: This is a healthy color. Your body is functioning normally and hydration levels are optimal. However, if pale yellow becomes clear, you may be overhydrated.