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2021-06-17

What is one reason coral reefs are such diverse ecosystems quizlet?

What is one reason coral reefs are such diverse ecosystems quizlet?

A reef supports many different niches for organisms to live under, on, and among the coral. This enables more species to live in the reef than in a more uniform habitat, such as a flat sandbar. Diversity is important within a species.

Are coral reefs the most diverse?

Coral reefs are the most diverse of all marine ecosystems. They teem with life, with perhaps one-quarter of all ocean species depending on reefs for food and shelter. Because they are so diverse, coral reefs are often called the rainforests of the sea.

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Why is biodiversity important in coral reefs?

It provides habitat for nearly 9,000 species of marine life—and that’s just the (relatively) easy to count ones! The reef’s rich biodiversity helps it to maintain a stable and healthy coral reef system. Another way to look at biodiversity is from the perspective of the ‘jobs’ that organisms do within the system.

What are two factors that can damage coral reefs?

Coral reefs are dying around the world. Damaging activities include coral mining, pollution (organic and non-organic), overfishing, blast fishing, the digging of canals and access into islands and bays. Other dangers include disease, destructive fishing practices and warming oceans.

What happens if we lose our coral reefs?

The disappearance of coral reefs from our planet could lead to a domino effect of mass destruction. Many marine species will vanish after their only source of food disappears forever. Coral reefs provide protection against flooding and the erosion of coastlines.

How is coral affected by pollution?

Pollution can smother coral reefs, lower water quality, and make corals more susceptible to disease. When sediment and other pollutants enter the water, they smother coral reefs, speed the growth of damaging algae, and lower water quality.

Does plastic cause ocean acidification?

New research has found that pollution from plastic waste dumped into the world’s oceans is correlated with ocean acidification, which occurs when the water’s chemistry is altered as CO2 is absorbed by seawater. Increased ocean acidity is also caused by CO2 emissions being absorbed into the sea.

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Is plastic acidic or alkaline?

All plastics up to polymers with macromolecular chains of saturated hydrocarbons possess both acidic and basic properties. Thus, for example, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) according to general assumptions is a base and polyvinylchloride (PVC) and polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) are acids.

How can we prevent plastic pollution in the ocean?

So, what can you do about ocean plastic pollution?

  1. Reduce Your Use of Single-Use Plastics.
  2. Recycle Properly.
  3. Participate In (or Organize) a Beach or River Cleanup.
  4. Support Bans.
  5. Avoid Products Containing Microbeads.
  6. Spread the Word.
  7. Support Organizations Addressing Plastic Pollution.

What are the causes of ocean acidification?

Ocean acidification is mainly caused by carbon dioxide gas in the atmosphere dissolving into the ocean. This leads to a lowering of the water’s pH, making the ocean more acidic. Many factors contribute to rising carbon dioxide levels.

Is ocean acidification caused by humans?

The culprit behind the acidification is the extra carbon dioxide humans have caused to collect in the atmosphere by burning fossil fuels, cutting down forests, and other actions.

What is the impact of ocean acidification?

Ocean acidification reduces the amount of carbonate, a key building block in seawater. This makes it more difficult for marine organisms, such as coral and some plankton, to form their shells and skeletons, and existing shells may begin to dissolve.

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How can we prevent ocean acidification?

The most effective way to limit ocean acidification is to act on climate change, implementing solutions to dramatically reduce the use of fossil fuels. If we dramatically cut our global warming emissions, and we limit future warming, we can significantly reduce the harm to marine ecosystems.

How does ocean acidification affect climate change?

If acidification decreases marine emissions of sulfur, it could cause an increase in the amount of solar energy reaching the Earth’s surface, speeding up warming—which is exactly what the Nature Climate Change study predicts.

What is one reason coral reefs are such diverse ecosystems quizlet?

Coral reefs are the second most diverse ecosystems in the world and are often called the rain forests of the sea. A reef supports many different niches for organisms to live under, on, and among the coral. This enables more species to live in the reef than in a more uniform habitat, such as a flat sandbar.

Why are coral reefs the most productive ecosystems?

Coral reefs are among the most productive ecosystems on the planet, with the primary producers at the base of the food chain (including corals) supporting their complex food webs. Although light provides the energy that fuels reef productivity, key nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus are also required.

Why is the Great Barrier Reef so diverse?

The Great Barrier Reef relies on its biodiversity, from the animals, plants and algae to the micro-organisms too small for the eye to see. It’s this biodiversity that builds such a remarkable ecosystem, as well as supporting human use of the Great Barrier Reef.

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Are there crocodiles in Great Barrier Reef?

To put it simply, no, there are no crocodiles in the tourist accessible parts of the Great Barrier Reef. However, that is not saying that there are no crocodiles at the Great Barrier Reef. In fact, there are plenty if you are talking about the wider Great Barrier Reef Marine Park.

What kind of organisms live in the Great Barrier Reef?

Here’s a rundown of indigenous creatures—including fish, corals, mollusks, echinoderms, jellyfish, sea snakes, marine turtles, sponges, whales, dolphins, seabirds, and shorebirds—that inhabit one of the world’s most complex ecosystems.

What is the most dangerous animal in the Great Barrier Reef?

Box jellyfish

Are there sharks in the Great Barrier Reef?

Although sharks do appear in the Great Barrier Reef at times, the most common sharks found here are typically harmless to humans. Such as blacktip reef sharks, grey whaler reefs sharks, leopard sharks, epaulette sharks and wobbegong sharks.

What is the most rarest fish in the Great Barrier Reef?

Researchers exploring the depths of the northern Great Barrier Reef have found a rare species of “walking” fish never before recorded in Australian waters. This type of scorpion fish is called the Rhinopias agriloba, is normally found in waters around Hawaii, in the central Pacific.

What is the biggest fish in the Great Barrier Reef?

Queensland grouper

How many sea creatures live in the Great Barrier Reef?

The Great Barrier Reef is home to more than 1,500 species of fish, 411 types of hard coral, one-third of the world’s soft corals, 134 species of sharks and rays, six of the world’s seven species of threatened marine turtles, and more than 30 species of marine mammals, including the vulnerable dugong.

What kind of fish live in coral reefs?

More than 1,500 fish species live on the reef, including the clownfish, red bass, red-throat emperor, and several species of snapper and coral trout. About 5,000 species of mollusks live on the reef.

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What is the most common color of coral?

orange coral

Are corals important?

Benefits of coral reef ecosystems Coral reefs protect coastlines from storms and erosion, provide jobs for local communities, and offer opportunities for recreation. They are also are a source of food and new medicines. These ecosystems are culturally important to indigenous people around the world.

How can we protect corals?

What You Can Do to Help Protect Coral Reefs

  1. Practice safe and responsible diving and snorkeling. Avoid touching reefs or anchoring your boat on the reef.
  2. Take a reef-friendly approach to sun protection. Some ingredients in sunscreen can be harmful to or even kill corals.

How do corals help the environment?

Coral reefs provide a buffer, protecting our coasts from waves, storms, and floods. Corals form barriers to protect the shoreline from waves and storms. The coral reef structure buffers shorelines against waves, storms, and floods, helping to prevent loss of life, property damage, and erosion.

What happens if we lose coral reefs?

Coral reefs provide protection against flooding and the erosion of coastlines. With them gone, there will be rapid erosion of coastlines and many small island countries might even vanish from the world map.

How do coral reefs affect humans?

Coral reefs provide food to millions of humans. Some estimates say that over 1 billion people depend on food from coral reefs, and reefs as a whole might be worth around $172 billion for every year they continue to provide essential services to humans, like food.

Where is the largest coral reef formation on Earth?

Stretching for 1,429 miles over an area of approximately 133,000 square miles , the Great Barrier Reef is the largest coral reef system in the world. The reef is located off the coast of Queensland, Australia, in the Coral Sea.

What is the 2nd largest coral reef in the world?

Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System

What is the smallest coral reef in the world?

Dongsha Atoll National Park recorded a new species for Taiwan upon the discovery of the world’s smallest coral reef benthic fish species-Trimmatom nanus. This type of marine fish is petite in size, with female adult fish growing to a length of roughly 9 mm.

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What is the third largest coral reef in the world?

Great Florida Reef

What is the largest coral reef in Africa?

The Great Barrier Reef, the world’s largest coral reef, is home to more than 1,500 species of fish, 411 species of hard corals and dozens of other species. Stretching over 2,300km (1,400 miles), the reef was designated a World Heritage site in 1981 for its “enormous scientific and intrinsic importance”.

Why do coral reefs need shallow water?

Sunlight: Corals need to grow in shallow water where sunlight can reach them. Sediment and plankton can cloud water, which decreases the amount of sunlight that reaches the zooxanthellae. Warm water temperature: Reef-building corals require warm water conditions to survive.

Does the US have coral reefs?

There are extensive coral reefs in the waters of the United States and its territories, covering more than 4 million acres of the sea fl oor in the Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, and the Pacifi c Ocean. More than 60% of the Nation’s coral reefs are found in the extended Hawaiian Island chain.

Where are the best coral reefs?

Best Coral Reefs in the World – Top 5

  1. Raja Ampat, Indonesia. Raja Ampat is located at the intersection of the Indian and Pacific Ocean, right in the heart of the prestigious Coral Triangle.
  2. Solomon Islands.
  3. Papua New Guinea.
  4. FIJI.
  5. Red sea.

Which states have coral reefs?

Florida is the only state in the continental United States with extensive shallow coral reef formations near its coasts. Coral reefs create specialized habitats that provide shelter, food, and breeding sites for numerous plants and animals.

What would happen without coral reefs in Florida?

Coral reefs cover less than 1% of the ocean floor. But, they provide an essential ecosystem for a quarter of all marine life. Without reefs, billions of sea life species would suffer, millions of people would lose their most significant food source, and economies would take a major hit.