What is an uncontrolled fire?
Uncontrolled Fire: Any fire which threatens to destroy life, property, or natural resources, and. Underburn: A fire that consumes surface fuels but not trees or shrubs. (See Surface Fuels.)
What is controlled burning called?
Controlled burning, also known as prescribed burning, involves setting planned fires to maintain the health of a forest. These burns are scheduled for a time when the fire will not pose a threat to the public or to fire managers.
What is a natural fire?
Natural fires are generally started by lightning, with a very small percentage started by spontaneous combustion of dry fuel such as sawdust and leaves. Human-caused fires constitute the greater percentage of forest fires in our forests, but natural fires constitute the great majority of the total area burned.
What is a natural cover fire?
NATURAL COVER fire fighting, the extinguishment of grass, brush, weeds, lots, forest, trash and dump fires, represents about 25 per cent of the alarms and 50 per cent of the fire fighting duties of many fire departments.
What are the two weather conditions that most influence wildland fires?
The two most critical weather conditions that influence a wildland fire are moisture and wind. When the relative humidity is low, vegetative fuels dry out, making them more susceptible to ignition.
What part of a ground cover fire spreads the most rapidly and usually does the most damage?
What caused the Cerro Grande fire to consume so much land so quickly?
The Cerro Grande Fire was a disastrous forest fire in New Mexico, United States of America, that occurred in May 2000. The fire started as a controlled burn, and became uncontrolled owing to high winds and drought conditions.
What factor has the biggest impact on a ground cover fire?
fuel. The higher the moisture content, the more heat is needed to burn the fuel. fuels, thus dead fuels burn more easily. Another factor which influences the spread of a fire is continuity of fuels.
Why is it called a complex fire?
All I know is that, this year, there are so many wildfires scorching the parched wilderness in California that the flames have merged into masses called “complexes.” According to the U.S. Forest Service, a “complex” is two or more individual fire incidents in the same general area that are assigned to the same …
What does Czu mean fire?
The ‘CZU’ is for the San Mateo and Santa Cruz Unit while SCU stands for the Santa Clara Unit, which, despite its name, additionally includes Alameda and Contra Costa as well parts of other counties to the east.
Why do they call it Bobcat fire?
Bobcat rescued by fire crew released to the wild Chips was found August 24 by the crew on the fire that inspired the name of the bobcat, the Chips Fire, burning on the Lassen and Plumas National forests in California. Not wanting to disrupt a natural process, the crew tried to walk away but the bobcat followed them.
What is the most common type of wildland fire?
What is the most common type of wildland fire? Ground cover: fires that burn loose debris on the surface of the ground. This debris includes vegetation such as grass, as well as dead leaves, needles, and branches that have fallen from shrubs and trees.
Which tool is a combination of hoe and rake?
A McLeod tool (or rakehoe) is a two-sided blade — one a rake with coarse tines, one a flat sharpened hoe — on a long, wooden handle. It is a standard tool during wildfire suppression and trail restoration.
What is the combination hoe and rake tool called?
What is one of the 10 standard wildland firefighting orders?
Ten Standard Fire Orders
- Keep informed on fire weather conditions and forecasts.
- Know what your fire is doing at all times.
- Base all actions on current and expected behavior of the fire.
- Identify escape routes and safety zones, and make them known.
- Post lookouts when there is possible danger.
- Be alert.
What are the three main categories of the 10 Standard Firefighting Orders?
They are grouped according to different categories. 1-3 are fire behavior, 4-6 are fireline safety, 7-9 are organizational control, and 10 happens if 1-9 are followed. Keep informed of fire weather conditions and forecasts.
In which fuel is a wildland fire most likely to start?
During a wildland fire all kinds of plant material can act as fuel, including grasses, shrubs, trees, dead leaves, and fallen pine needles. As these burnable materials pile up, so do the chances of catastrophic wildland fire.
What are the four components of Lces?
LCES stands for lookout(s), communication(s), escape routes and safety zone(s).
What are the two types of horizontal arrangements of fuels?
What are the two types of horizontal arrangements of fuels?…
- Flare ups.
- Increase in rate of spread.
What does the E stand for in Lces?
‘LCES’ stands for Lookouts-Communications-Escape routes-Safety zones. The elements of LCES form a safety system used by wildland firefighters to protect themselves from entrapment from free-burning wildfires and other fireline hazards.
What does the C in Lces stand for?
LCES—a Key to Safety in the Wildland Fire Environment. by Paul Gleason. L—Lookout(s) C—Communication(s) E—Escape routes.
What does laces mean in firefighting?
As an acronym, LACES stands for Lookout(s) – Anchor point(s) – Communication(s) – Escape routes – Safety zone(s) and has gradually become a guideline for wildland firefighter safety in various regions of Canada over the past 15 years or so.
Which is one of the three alternate meanings of the A in laces?
According to the Firefighter’s Handbook on Wildland Firefighting (Teie 1994), the “A” in LACES stands for “Awareness.” It is also believed that some agencies have dedicated the letter “A” to denote “Attitude,” amongst other labels.
Which is one of the eighteen watch out situations?
18 Fire Watch-Out Situations Fire not scouted and sized up. In country not seen in daylight. Safety zones and escape routes not identified. Unfamiliar with weather and local factors influencing fire behavior.
Which tool combines an AXE with an adze?
Which of the following are common denominators in fatal or near miss fires?
There are four major common denominators of fire behavior on fatal and near-fatal fires. Such fires often occur: On relatively small fires or deceptively quiet areas of large fires. In relatively light fuels, such as grass, herbs, and light brush.
What is IRPG?
The Incident Response Pocket Guide (IRPG) establishes. standards for wildland fire incident response. The guide. provides critical information on operational engagement, risk. management, all hazard response, and aviation management.
What are firing operations?
Firing operations are often critical operations in the fire management job. If planned and executed correctly, they can speed control of a fire and greatly reduce suppression costs. Conversely, if not done right, they can endanger personnel, extend control time, damage property and increase cost.
What is a forest firefighter called?
Forest firefighting is the prevention, control and suppression of fires in forests. They work in various capacities under a variety of job titles including forest fire warden, forest ranger, forest ranger technician, forestry technician (fire), wildland firefighter, and forest fire inspector and prevention specialist.
What is a Type 2 firefighter?
The Firefighter Type 2 serves on a hand crew, engine crew, or helitack crew, performing fire suppression and fuels management duties in the most adverse climate, fuel, and terrain conditions.