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2021-05-14

What is a rigid layer that surrounds a plant cell providing structural support?

What is a rigid layer that surrounds a plant cell providing structural support?

Cell Wall: This is the rigid outermost layer of a plant cell. It makes the cell stiff -providing the cell with mechanical support – and giving it protection. Animal cells do not have cell walls. Cell Membrane: This is a protective layer that surrounds every cell and separates it from its external environment.

What is the rigid layer surrounding the cell?

cell wall

What is a rigid structure that gives support to a cell?

The cell wall is a rigid covering that protects the cell, provides structural support, and gives shape to the cell.

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Which part of the cell gives structural support?

cell membrane

What Cannot pass through the cell membrane?

Small uncharged polar molecules, such as H2O, also can diffuse through membranes, but larger uncharged polar molecules, such as glucose, cannot. Charged molecules, such as ions, are unable to diffuse through a phospholipid bilayer regardless of size; even H+ ions cannot cross a lipid bilayer by free diffusion.

What types of substances can and Cannot easily pass through the cell membrane?

Molecules of oxygen and carbon dioxide have no charge and pass through by simple diffusion. Polar substances, with the exception of water, present problems for the membrane. While some polar molecules connect easily with the outside of a cell, they cannot readily pass through the lipid core of the plasma membrane.

What substances does the cell membrane allow in?

Water, carbon dioxide, and oxygen are among the few simple molecules that can cross the cell membrane by diffusion (or a type of diffusion known as osmosis ). Diffusion is one principle method of movement of substances within cells, as well as the method for essential small molecules to cross the cell membrane.

What controls the movement of materials in and out of the cell?

The cell membrane controls what moves in and out of the cell.

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Does every cell contain DNA?

Not every cell in the human body contains DNA bundled in a cell nucleus. Specifically, mature red blood cells and cornified cells in the skin, hair, and nails contain no nucleus. Most mammals have red blood cells without nuclei, while all other types of vertebrates do have nuclei in their red blood cells.

Why do platelets have no nucleus?

Activated platelets are round with projections. Like red blood cells, platelets are derived from myeloid stem cells. Some of these stem cells develop into megakaryoblasts, which give rise to cells called megakaryocytes in the bone marrow. Because they are not cells, platelets don’t have their own nuclei.

Is blood platelet a cell?

Platelets, or thrombocytes, are small, colorless cell fragments in our blood that form clots and stop or prevent bleeding. Platelets are made in our bone marrow, the sponge-like tissue inside our bones.

What are the 3 functions of platelets?

Platelets have the following functions:

  • Secrete vasoconstrictors which constrict blood vessels, causing vascular spasms in broken blood vessels.
  • Form temporary platelet plugs to stop bleeding.
  • Secrete procoagulants (clotting factors) to promote blood clotting.
  • Dissolve blood clots when they are no longer needed.

Do platelets carry DNA?

Platelets are not true cells, but are instead classified as cell fragments produced by megakaryocytes. Because they lack a nucleus, they do not contain nuclear DNA. However, they do contain mitochondria and mitochondrial DNA, as well as endoplasmic reticulum fragments and granules from the megakaryocyte parent cells.