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2021-05-17

What is a heart attack in simple terms?

What is a heart attack in simple terms?

A heart attack occurs when the flow of blood to the heart is blocked. The blockage is most often a buildup of fat, cholesterol and other substances, which form a plaque in the arteries that feed the heart (coronary arteries). Sometimes, a plaque can rupture and form a clot that blocks blood flow.

What are the types of heart attacks?

The three types of heart attacks are:

  • ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)
  • non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI)
  • coronary spasm, or unstable angina.

What is the medical term for a heart attack quizlet?

myocardial infarction. the medical term for heart attack.

What is the other name for heart attack?

When damage or death of part of the heart muscle occurs as a result of ischemia, it’s called a heart attack, or myocardial infarction (MI)

What medications can be given to patients having a heart attack?

Medications to treat a heart attack might include:

  • Aspirin. The 911 operator might tell you to take aspirin, or emergency medical personnel might give you aspirin immediately.
  • Thrombolytics.
  • Antiplatelet agents.
  • Other blood-thinning medications.
  • Pain relievers.
  • Nitroglycerin.
  • Beta blockers.
  • ACE inhibitors.

How should you sleep to avoid a heart attack?

If you sleep on your right side, the pressure of your body smashes up against the blood vessels that return to your ticker, but “sleeping on your left side with your right side not squished is supposed to potentially increase blood flow back to your heart.” And anything you can do to help your most important organ pump ..

Can coughing stop a heart attack?

For most heart attacks — that is, those that do not trigger an arrhythmia — coughing would not make any difference. Obviously, an unconscious person in full cardiac arrest cannot cough.

Does drinking water prevent heart attacks?

A study in the American Journal of Medical Epidemiology found that participants “who drink five or more glasses of plain water per day have a much lower risk of fatal coronary heart disease, compared to those who drink less than two glasses per day.” It’s even more important to drink before bed because it helps improve ..

What do you do if you have a heart attack alone?

What should you do if you think you’re having a heart attack when you’re alone? If you’re alone and experience any of the above heart attack symptoms, call 911 right away. Take aspirin if you have it on hand. Then, unlock your front door and lie down near it, so EMS workers can easily find you.

Do you cough before a heart attack?

If you have a long-lasting cough that produces a white or pink mucus, it could be a sign of heart failure. This happens when the heart can’t keep up with the body’s demands, causing blood to leak back into the lungs

Should you sit up or lie down during a heart attack?

Serious heart attacks can cause the heart to switch off altogether. This is known as cardiac arrest. First aiders / bystanders will look to spot the symptoms early, treat accordingly and get help before cardiac arrest occurs. The half sitting position is the safest position if cardiac arrest occurs

When is a cough heart related?

Warning Signs of Heart Failure

Sign or Symptom People with Heart Failure May Experience… Why It Happens
Persistent coughing or wheezing …coughing that produces white or pink blood-tinged mucus. Fluid builds up in the lungs (see above).

What is cardiac cough?

Cardiac asthma is not a form of asthma. It’s a type of coughing or wheezing that occurs with left heart failure. Depending on how severe your symptoms are, this wheezing can be a medical emergency. Heart failure can cause fluid to build up in your lungs (pulmonary edema) and in and around your airways.

How much water should a person with heart failure drink?

When your heart failure is not very bad, you may not have to limit your fluids too much. As your heart failure gets worse, you may need to limit fluids to 6 to 9 cups (1.5 to 2 liters) a day