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2021-05-17

What happens when a sodium atom loses an electron?

What happens when a sodium atom loses an electron?

If sodium loses an electron the sodium becomes an ion with a positive 1 charge. This is because the 11 positive protons and 10 negative electrons end up with an overall charge of +1. It only takes a relatively small amount of energy to take an electron away from the neutral sodium atom.

What happens when an atom that has lost an electron comes in contact with an atom that has gained an electron?

When an atom that has lost an electron comes in contact with an atom that has gained an electron, usually the the two atoms would attract each other and form a compound. This compound would be ionic since it is governed by ionic bonding.

Does sodium lose or gain electrons?

If sodium loses an electron, it now has 11 protons, 11 neutrons, and only 10 electrons, leaving it with an overall charge of +1. It is now referred to as a sodium ion. Therefore, it tends to gain an electron to create an ion with 17 protons, 17 neutrons, and 18 electrons, giving it a net negative (–1) charge.

What charge will chlorine have when it loses one electron?

Since it has 1 more electron than protons, chlorine has a charge of −1, making it a negative ion. When ions form, atoms gain or lose electrons until their outer energy level is full.

When a chlorine atom gains an electron what does it become?

When a chlorine atom gains an electron, it becomes a chloride ion. The number of protons an atom, ion or isotope has determines what element it is. Chlorine has 17 protons and Argon has 18 protons.

Why does a sodium atom become more stable when it loses one electron?

Why does a sodium atom become more stable when it loses one valence electron? the sodium atom becomes a positive ion and the chlorine atom becomes neg.

How does a sodium atom become stable?

Atoms are at their most stable when their outermost energy level is either empty of electrons or filled with electrons. Sodium atoms have 11 electrons. Two of these are in the lowest energy level, eight are in the second energy level and then one electron is in the third energy level.

What happens when an atom loses an electrons?

In ordinary matter, the number of electrons in an atom is the same as the number of protons. An atom that gains or loses an electron becomes an ion. If it gains a negative electron, it becomes a negative ion. If it loses an electron it becomes a positive ion (see page 10 for more on ions).

What would happen if atoms didnt need to gain or lose electrons?

If all the atoms didn’t need to gain or lose electrons, there would be no chemistry, which means no molecules, no compounds, no non-gas substances, and no life.

What causes an atom to lose or gain electrons?

Atoms lose electrons by a process called ionic bonding. Specifically, the metal atom donates its electron to a non-metal atom and thus takes on the noble gas electron configuration of the noble gas in the period (row of the periodic table) preceding its own. So in a way Uranium lost atoms.

How do you tell if an atom will gain or lose electrons?

In general, metals will lose electrons to become a positive cation and nonmetals will gain electrons to become a negative anion. Hydrogen is an exception, as it will usually lose its electron. Metalloids and some metals can be can lose or gain electrons.

How many electrons are gained or lost in nitrogen?

three electrons

How do you determine the number of electrons in a reaction?

The number of electrons shuffled in the reaction is not chosen arbitrarily, but is based on the initial and final oxidation numbers of the elements in the reaction, after the equations are balanced. The only stable compound with formula SnSO4 is made of Sn2+ and SO42− ions.

How many electrons are gained or lost in phosphorus?

3 electrons

How many electrons must be gained or lost S?

2 electrons

Will phosphorus be able to form bonds easily with other elements?

INTRODUCTION: Phosphorus can form bonds with many other elements. ORGANIC CHEMISTRY: Phosphorus can form bonds readily with oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur; also it can form bonds with carbon much less readily; but the phosphorus-carbon bonds are inert that they do not break readily even though not very strong.

How many electrons are in the second energy level of phosphorus?

8

What is the highest energy level for phosphorus?

Number of Energy Levels: 3
First Energy Level: 2
Second Energy Level: 8
Fourth Energy Level: 5

How many electrons are in the outermost energy level of phosphorus?

15 electrons

How are electrons arranged in a phosphorus atom?

Phosphorus has electron configuration, 1s22s22p63s23p3. The highest-numbered shell is the third shell (3s23p3): 2 electrons in the 3s subshell and 3 electrons in the 3p subshell. That gives a total of 5 valence electrons. Examine the electron configuration of neutral calcium atom (Exercise 2.6.

What is the electron configuration for the phosphorus atom?

[Ne] 3s² 3p³

What element is 3p6?

Electron Configurations

A B
Aluminum 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p1
Sulfur 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4
Chlorine 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5
Argon 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6

What element is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2?

antimony atom

What element is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6?

Electron Configuration Matching Game

A B
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 Zn
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d1 Y
1s2 2s2 2p1 B
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5 Cl