What happens at the beginning of transcription?
Transcription begins when RNA polymerase binds to a promoter sequence near the beginning of a gene (directly or through helper proteins). RNA polymerase uses one of the DNA strands (the template strand) as a template to make a new, complementary RNA molecule. Transcription ends in a process called termination.
What happens to the DNA molecule during transcription?
Transcription is the process by which the information in a strand of DNA is copied into a new molecule of messenger RNA (mRNA). The newly formed mRNA copies of the gene then serve as blueprints for protein synthesis during the process of translation.
What opens DNA in transcription?
Once bound, RNA polymerase separates the DNA strands, providing the single-stranded template needed for transcription. The DNA opens up in the promoter region so that RNA polymerase can begin transcription. Elongation. One strand of DNA, the template strand, acts as a template for RNA polymerase.
How does DNA get into new cells?
During DNA replication, DNA unwinds so it can be copied. At other times in the cell cycle, DNA also unwinds so that its instructions can be used to make proteins and for other biological processes. But during cell division, DNA is in its compact chromosome form to enable transfer to new cells.
What happens to the amount of DNA in the nucleus just before the beginning of mitosis?
The chromosome number is the same in the daughter cells as it was in the parent cell. Because DNA is duplicated during interphase before the cell undergoes mitosis, the amount of DNA in the original parent cell and the daughter cells are exactly the same.
How is DNA passed on?
DNA is passed down to the next generation in big chunks called chromosomes. Every generation, each parent passes half their chromosomes to their child. If nothing happened to the chromosomes between generations, then there would be around a 1 in 8 chance that you would get no DNA from a great, great, great grandparent.
Where does the extra DNA come from when a cell divides?
When a cell divides, where does the extra DNA come from? An exact copy of DNA must be created prior to cell division. Any errors represent genetic mutations.
What happens if Primase is mutated?
Mutation of DNA primase causes extensive apoptosis of retinal neurons through the activation of DNA damage checkpoint and tumor suppressor p53 | Development.