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2021-05-14

What element is considered the most versatile element in living organisms?

What element is considered the most versatile element in living organisms?

Carbon

Which is considered the most important element in living organisms?

Carbon is the most important element to life. Without this element, life as we know it would not exist. As you will see, carbon is the central element in compounds necessary for life.

Why is carbon considered the most versatile element in living organisms?

Carbon is the most important element to living things because it can form many different kinds of bonds and form essential compounds.

Why is hydrogen so important?

The most important function of hydrogen in the human body is to keep you hydrated. Water is made up of hydrogen and oxygen and is absorbed by the cells of the body. Therefore, it is a crucial element which is used not in our body but also as a fuel, in military weapons etc.

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What is the most versatile element?

What is versatile element?

A Versatile element is an element whose atom has the capability of combining with many other elements , This can be achieved when an atom has tetravalency that is valency of 4 like carbon& silicon,etc. Carbon atoms make bonds with multiple other elements at the same time with other monovalent or divalent atoms.

What is versatile nature?

Tetravalency: Carbon has a valency of four so it is capable of bonding with four other atoms of carbon or atoms of some other mono-valent element. Catenation: The property of carbon element due to which its atom can join one another to form long carbon chains is called catenation.

Why is carbon called a versatile element Class 10?

Carbon is a versatile element and is found in many different chemical compounds, including those found in space. Carbon is versatile because it can form single, double, and triple bonds. It can also form chains, branched chains, and rings when connected to other carbon atoms.

Why is carbon called tetravalent?

The carbon atom has four electrons in its outermost shell. Carbon atoms can achieve the inert gas electron arrangement only by sharing of electrons, so carbon always forms covalent bonds. Carbon is considered tetravalent because it has four electrons in its outermost orbital. …

What is Catenation class 10th?

Catenation can be defined as the self-linking of atoms of an element to form chains and rings.

What are 3 characteristics of carbon?

Terms in this set (5)

  • carbon is abundant, common.
  • forms strong covalent bonds.
  • has four valence electrons.
  • variety of shapes.
  • bonds with multiple elements.

What are the special features of carbon?

The answer lies with carbon’s unique properties. Carbon has an exceptional ability to bind with a wide variety of other elements. Carbon makes four electrons available to form covalent chemical bonds, allowing carbon atoms to form multiple stable bonds with other small atoms, including hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen.

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What family is carbon in?

Group 14

How is carbon used in daily life?

Impure carbon in the form of charcoal (from wood) and coke (from coal) is used in metal smelting. It is particularly important in the iron and steel industries. Graphite is used in pencils, to make brushes in electric motors and in furnace linings. Activated charcoal is used for purification and filtration.

Why is carbon different from other members of the family?

Carbon, the first member of group 14 ,shows an anomalous behaviour i.e. differ from rest of the members of its family. 4) Due to small size and high electronegativity , carbon has a strong tendency to form pπ- pπ multiple bonds either with itself or with the other items such as oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur.

What is the carbon family used for?

Uses of Carbon Family Elements and Compounds The carbon family elements are important in daily life and in industry. Carbon is the basis for organic life. Its allotrope graphite is used in pencils and rockets. Living organisms, proteins, plastics, food, and organic building materials all contain carbon.

What are the properties of carbon family?

General properties of the group

carbon silicon
melting point (°C) 3,700 1,414
boiling point (°C) 4,027 3,265
density (grams per cubic centimetre) 1.9–2.3 (graphite), 3.15–3.53 (diamond) 2.33 (25 °C)
oxidation states −4, (+2), +4 −4, (+2), +4

Is carbon a metal or nonmetal?

Carbon is a solid non-metal element. Pure carbon can exist in very different forms. The most common two are diamond and graphite. The table shows some differences between them.

Is silicon a metal?

Silicon the semiconductor It’s usually found linked up with a pair of oxygen molecules as silicon dioxide, otherwise known as silica. Quartz, an abundant ingredient in sand, is made up of non-crystallized silica. Silicon is neither metal nor non-metal; it’s a metalloid, an element that falls somewhere between the two.

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Is Silicon harmful to humans?

Silicon crystalline irritates the skin and eyes on contact. Inhalation will cause irritation to the lungs and mucus membrane. Irritation to the eyes will cause watering and redness. Reddening, scaling, and itching are characteristics of skin inflammation.

What Colour is silicon?

dark gray

Why is silicon so important?

Silicon is used for electronic devices because it is an element with very special properties. One of it’s most important properties is that it is a semiconductor. This means that it conducts electricity under some conditions and acts as an insulator under others.

Where is silicon used in everyday life?

Silicone is used in building and construction, able to bond materials such as concrete, glass, granite, steel and plastics, enabling them to work better and last longer. These silicone sealants can absorb pressure and movement within engineering, allowing for more innovative architectural designs.

What is silicon most commonly used for?

Silicon is one of the most useful elements to mankind. Most is used to make alloys including aluminium-silicon and ferro-silicon (iron-silicon). These are used to make dynamo and transformer plates, engine blocks, cylinder heads and machine tools and to deoxidise steel.

What are 3 uses of silicon?

Uses of Silicon

  • The element is a major constituent in ceramics and bricks.
  • Being a semiconductor, the element is put into use for making transistors.
  • Silicon is widely used in computer chips and solar cells.
  • It is a vital component of Portland cement.
  • Silicon is used in the production of fire bricks.