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2021-05-14

What does the first law of thermodynamics state about energy quizlet?

What does the first law of thermodynamics state about energy quizlet?

The first law of thermodynamics states that energy cannot be created or destroyed, only transformed; Energy enters an ecosystem as solar radiation, is conserved, and is lost from organisms as heat. cannot be created or destroyed; Chemical elements are continually recycled within ecosystems.

What implications does the first law of thermodynamics have for our energy usage?

The First Law of Thermodynamics states that heat is a form of energy, and thermodynamic processes are therefore subject to the principle of conservation of energy. This means that heat energy cannot be created or destroyed.

How does the flow of energy conform to the laws of thermodynamics?

How does the flow of energy through an ecosystem conform to the laws of thermodynamics? Therefore, energy enters the system; is converted to food, which is stored by the organism; energy is used in normal metabolic processes; and energy is dissipated to the atmosphere during the normal living processes of the organism.

What does the 2nd law of thermodynamics state?

Energy is the ability to bring about change or to do work. The Second Law of Thermodynamics states that “in all energy exchanges, if no energy enters or leaves the system, the potential energy of the state will always be less than that of the initial state.” This is also commonly referred to as entropy.

Can we create matter from nothing?

On one hand, there is no known way, given the particles and their interactions in the Universe, to make more matter than antimatter. This creation-and-annihilation process, which obeys E = mc^2, is the only known way to create and destroy matter or antimatter.

How many days on Earth is a year in space?

365 days

Does your DNA change in space?

Scott Kelly’s gene activity changed in space, which means his cells were turning certain genes on or off in different patterns than they did on Earth. When Scott got to the space station, about 1,400 genes started behaving differently, which was possibly the result of changing demands on his body.

How does space change the human body?

Without the proper diet and exercise routine, astronauts also lose muscle mass in microgravity faster than they would on Earth. Moreover, the fluids in the body shift upward to the head in microgravity, which may put pressure on the eyes and cause vision problems.

How many hours is a day in space?

24 hours

How do astronauts brush their teeth?

First, the astronaut attaches their toothpaste tube to a nearby wall. Then, the astronaut takes their toothpaste and repeats the same process. They will brush their teeth like usual! Once they are done, all they have to do is squeeze some water over their brush and wipe it off with a towel to clean it.

What astronauts eat in space?

An astronaut can choose from many types of foods such as fruits, nuts, peanut butter, chicken, beef, seafood, candy, brownies, etc. Available drinks include coffee, tea, orange juice, fruit punches and lemonade. As on Earth, space food comes in disposable packages.

What foods can you not eat in space?

Here are five foods that NASA Astronauts can’t eat in space:

  • Bread. U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
  • Alcohol. United States Embassy, Berlin.
  • Salt and Pepper. Getty Images / iStock.
  • Soda. Getty Images / iStock.
  • Astronaut Ice Cream.

Can astronauts drink alcohol in space?

Alcoholic drinks are generally disallowed in spaceflight, but space agencies have previously allowed its consumption. NASA has been stricter about alcohol consumption than the Roscosmos, both according to regulations and in practice. Astronauts and cosmonauts are restricted from being intoxicated at launch.