What does DD diagnosis stand for?
Developmental delay (DD) is defined as any significant lag in a child’s physical, cognitive, emotional, or social maturity. A global DD diagnosis often precedes a diagnosis of ID because neither cognitive skill nor IQ can be reliably assessed before age 6.
What is the most common developmental disorder?
The most common developmental disability is intellectual disability. Cerebral palsy is the second most common developmental disability, followed by autism spectrum disorder.
What is the difference between ID and DD?
Intellectual disability (ID) is characterized by significant limitation in intellectual functioning (such as reasoning, learning, and problem solving) and adaptive behavior (such as social functioning and practical skills). Developmental disability (DD) involves severe cognitive and or physical impairments.
What are cognitive delays?
Intellectual disability is a term used when a person has certain limitations in mental functioning and in skills such as communicating, taking care of him or herself, and social skills. These limitations will cause a child to learn and develop more slowly than a typical child.
What are examples of neurodevelopmental disorders?
Examples of neurodevelopmental disorders in children include attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism, learning disabilities, intellectual disability (also known as mental retardation), conduct disorders, cerebral palsy, and impairments in vision and hearing.
What is borderline intellectual disorder?
Borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) is characterized by heterogeneous cognitive difficulties, with an intelligence quotient (IQ) between 70 and 85 points, and a failure to meet the developmental and sociocultural standards for personal independence and social responsibility required in daily life.
Is ADHD considered a disability?
Under both the ADA and another law known as the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, ADHD is considered a disability in the United States, but with strict stipulations. For instance, ADHD is considered a protected disability if it is severe and interferes with a person’s ability to work or participate in the public sector.
Should I disclose my ADHD to my employer?
You must disclose your documented diagnosis, and show that ADHD “substantially limits a major life activity” — in this case, your job. Formal requests for an accommodation must be made in writing, and the accommodation(s) you ask for shouldn’t place an undue hardship on the operation of the employer’s business.