What do diploid cells result in?
A diploid cell has two of each chromosome, one from each parent. In meiosis, however, you start with a diploid cell that divides twice to produce four haploid cells. In other words a diploid cell that has 2n chromosomes produces four cells, each of which contains n chromosomes.
Do diploid cells result from mitosis?
Mitosis produces 2 diploid cells. The old name for meiosis was reduction/ division. Meiosis I reduces the ploidy level from 2n to n (reduction) while Meiosis II divides the remaining set of chromosomes in a mitosis-like process (division).
What is the final result of mitosis if the parent cell is diploid?
A diploid cell starts with 2N chromosomes and 2X DNA content. Each chromosome now consists of a joined pair of identical sister chromatids. During mitosis the sister chromatids separate and go to opposite ends of the dividing cell. Mitosis ends with 2 identical cells, each with 2N chromosomes and 2X DNA content.
Why does mitosis result in diploid cells?
During MITOSIS, the parent, diploid (2n), cell is divided to create two identical, diploid (2n), daughter cells. This occurs by undergoing DNA replication (in S phase during interphase) where the monovalent chromosome is duplicated so that it will have two DNA strands that are replicas of each other.
What are the five stages of mitosis?
Today, mitosis is understood to involve five phases, based on the physical state of the chromosomes and spindle. These phases are prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.
What would happen if a cell underwent mitosis but not cytokinesis?
What would happen if mitosis occurred but cytokinesis did not occur? If cytokinesis did not occur during mitosis the cytoplasm wouldn’t be divided and there wouldn’t be two identical daughter cells as a result. so the cell would remain to be at rest not being able to separate into two individual cells.
What happens in G2 phase of cell cycle?
The last part of interphase is called the G2 phase. The cell has grown, DNA has been replicated, and now the cell is almost ready to divide. This last stage is all about prepping the cell for mitosis or meiosis. During G2, the cell has to grow some more and produce any molecules it still needs to divide.