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2021-05-14

What disease is caused by an abnormal chromosome inherited before birth?

What disease is caused by an abnormal chromosome inherited before birth?

Down syndrome, the most common chromosomal abnormality, is caused by an extra chromosome number 21. Chromosome abnormalities can be inherited from a parent or they can happen by chance.

Which of the following diseases is caused by a single mutated gene?

Some of the more common single-gene disorders include cystic fibrosis, hemochromatosis, Tay-Sachs, and sickle cell anemia….Appendix GSingle-Gene Disorders.

Condition Gene (Chr. Location) Inheritance Pattern
Cystic Fibrosis CFTR (7q31) Recessive
Hemochromatosis HFE (6p21) Recessive

Which of the following diseases is caused by a single mutated gene quizlet?

Name one similarity and one difference between cystic fibrosis and Down syndrome. Both diseases are hereditary, but cystic fibrosis occurs as a result of a single gene that is mutated during the development of the fetus; Down syndrome happens when a fetus inherits an extra copy of the 21st chromosome.

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What is the leading cause of type 2 diabetes quizlet?

The primary cause of type 2 diabetes is autoimmune destruction of the beta cells in the pancreas.

Which of the following is a major cause of type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes has several causes: genetics and lifestyle are the most important ones. A combination of these factors can cause insulin resistance, when your body doesn’t use insulin as well as it should. Insulin resistance is the most common cause of type 2 diabetes.

What is the leading cause of type two diabetes?

Although not everyone with type 2 diabetes is overweight, obesity and an inactive lifestyle are two of the most common causes of type 2 diabetes. These things are responsible for about 90% to 95% of diabetes cases in the United States.

Which diabetes is hereditary?

Like type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is inherited. This means a group of genes that can lead to type 2 is passed down from mothers and fathers to their children.

Does Nick Jonas have diabetes?

This singer went public with his type 1 diabetes in 2007. He has said that his symptoms included weight loss and thirst. When diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, his blood sugar was over 700 — and normal blood sugar levels are from 70 to 120.

How long can you live with type 2 diabetes?

A 55-year-old male with type 2 diabetes could expect to live for another 13.2–21.1 years, while the general expectancy would be another 24.7 years. A 75-year-old male with the disease might expect to live for another 4.3–9.6 years, compared with the general expectancy of another 10 years.

How do most diabetics die?

Diabetes is a serious, chronic disease. In fact, two out of three people with diabetes will die from cardiovascular-related episodes, such as a heart attack or stroke. However, diabetes can be controlled with proper medications and lifestyle changes.

What is the highest blood sugar level that is safe?

Many people won’t start to experience symptoms from high blood sugar until their levels are at 250 mg/dL or higher. The highest blood sugar level that’s considered safe will depend on the person and whether they have diabetes, but will typically be between 160 to 240 mg/dL.

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At what sugar level should I go to the hospital?

According to the University of Michigan, blood sugar levels of 300 mg/dL or more can be dangerous. They recommend calling a doctor if you have two readings in a row of 300 or more. Call your doctor if you’re worried about any symptoms of high blood sugar.

What are the signs of a diabetic emergency?

Signs and symptoms

  • warm, dry skin.
  • rapid pulse and breathing.
  • fruity, sweet breath.
  • excessive thirst.
  • drowsiness, leading them to become unresponsive if not treated (also known as a diabetic coma)
  • medical warning jewellery or medication.

What are the three main diabetic emergencies?

Emergency treatment for diabetes

  • Hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar)
  • Hyperglycaemia (high blood glucose)
  • Hypoglycaemia (low blood glucose)
  • Hyperglycaemia (high blood glucose)
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)

What are the warning signs of diabetic ketoacidosis?

Symptoms

  • Excessive thirst.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Stomach pain.
  • Weakness or fatigue.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Fruity-scented breath.
  • Confusion.

What does a diabetic attack feel like?

Diabetes Attacks Known as a common “lifestyle disease”, Diabetes is associated with high blood pressure, an excess of sugar and the inability to heal properly. A person experiencing a Diabetes Attack might become incoherent, becoming anxious, fatigue and weak, and also lead to shock.

What organs are affected by ketoacidosis?

As DKA is life-threatening, it’s important to seek emergency care as soon as you suspect you’re suffering from the condition. Fluid loss from DKA can lead to kidney and organ damage, brain swelling that can eventually cause a coma, and fluid buildup in your lungs.

How long does it take for diabetic ketoacidosis to develop?

DKA can develop in less than 24 hours. 3 Metabolic changes occur one and one half to two hours earlier in patients who are managed only with a short-acting insulin such as lispro (Humalog). 22 Patients with DKA usually present with polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia, weakness, and Kussmaul’s respirations.

Is diabetic ketoacidosis permanent?

Diabetic ketoacidosis is a life-threatening but avoidable complication of diabetes mellitus often managed in intensive care units. The risk of emergency hospital readmission in patients surviving an intensive care unit episode of diabetic ketoacidosis is unknown.

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Why do type 2 diabetics not get DKA?

DKA only happens when you don’t have enough insulin in your body to process high levels of glucose in the blood. It’s less common in people with type 2 diabetes because insulin levels don’t usually drop so low; however, it can occur.

How long is the hospital stay for diabetic ketoacidosis?

In some studies, the average length of stay in the hospital for patients with DKA has decreased from 5.7 to 3.4 d, being longer for patients categorized in the “severe” group[2,7].

What are the long term effects of ketoacidosis?

“DKA also has long-term consequences,” Rewers says. “It changes brain development and brain functioning for a long time. Kids who had DKA can show memory and learning problems going on for several years.”

Can a non diabetic go into ketoacidosis?

Non-diabetic ketoacidosis is a rare condition which can be caused by starvation. Lack of glucose can force the body into ketogenesis causing a metabolic acidosis. As previously reported in the literature, ketoacidosis might, on rare occasions, be caused by a diet with low carbohydrate content.

Can you go into DKA with normal blood sugar?

In some instances, it does occur in the presence of normal glucose levels. This latter form of DKA is known as euglycemic DKA, which is defined as ketoacidosis with blood glucose levels below 250 mg/dL.

How high is blood sugar in DKA?

(See Treatment and Management and Medications.) Biochemically, DKA is defined as an increase in the serum concentration of ketones greater than 5 mEq/L, a blood sugar level greater than 250 mg/dL (although it is usually much higher), and a blood (usually arterial) pH less than 7.3.

Can Type 2 diabetics get ketoacidosis?

People with type 2 diabetes can also develop DKA, but it is less common and less severe. It is usually triggered by prolonged uncontrolled blood sugar, missing doses of medicines, or a severe illness or infection.

Can metformin cause ketoacidosis?

In renal failure metformin can lead to lactic acidosis. Additional inhibition of hepatic gluconeogenesis by accumulation of the drug may aggravate fasting-induced ketoacidosis.