What describes the genetic code?

What describes the genetic code?

The genetic code is the set of rules by which information encoded in genetic material (DNA or RNA sequences) is translated into proteins (amino acid sequences) by living cells. Those genes that code for proteins are composed of tri-nucleotide units called codons, each coding for a single amino acid.

Which best describes storage of genetic code?


Which characteristics describes the genetic code of humans?

Answer: The genetic code has four main features: Three nucleotides/bases encode an amino acid, there are 20 different amino acids which are the building blocks for proteins. The genetic code is non-overlapping, for example a sequence UGGAUCGAU is read UGG AUC GAU rather than UGG GGA GAU etc.

What is genetic code quizlet?

Genetic code is the set of instructions, in the form of nucleotide triplets, that translate a linear sequence of nucleotides in mRNA into a linear sequence of amino acids in a protein.

Does everyone have a genetic code?

Does everybody have the same genome? The human genome is mostly the same in all people. But there are variations across the genome. This genetic variation accounts for about 0.001 percent of each person’s DNA and contributes to differences in appearance and health.

What is the significance of this genetic code?

Genetic code, the sequence of nucleotides in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) that determines the amino acid sequence of proteins. Though the linear sequence of nucleotides in DNA contains the information for protein sequences, proteins are not made directly from DNA.

What is genetic code and its features?

The genetic code consists of the sequence of nitrogen bases—A, C, G, U—in an mRNA chain. The four bases make up the “letters” of the genetic code. The letters are combined in groups of three to form code “words,” called codons. Each codon stands for (encodes) one amino acid, unless it codes for a start or stop signal

How do you write a genetic code?

The Genetic Code is stored on one of the two strands of a DNA molecules as a linear, non-overlapping sequence of the nitrogenous bases Adenine (A), Guanine (G), Cytosine (C) and Thymine (T). These are the “alphabet” of letters that are used to write the “code words”.

How do you read genetic codes?

The genetic code consists of the sequence of bases in DNA or RNA. Groups of three bases form codons, and each codon stands for one amino acid (or start or stop). The codons are read in sequence following the start codon until a stop codon is reached. The genetic code is universal, unambiguous, and redundant

Who invented genetic code?

Over the course of several years, Marshall Nirenberg, Har Khorana and Severo Ochoa and their colleagues elucidated the genetic code – showing how nucleic acids with their 4-letter alphabet determine the order of the 20 kinds of amino acids in proteins

How many letters are in DNA code?

four letters

What are the DNA letters?

A, C, G, and T are the “letters” of the DNA code; they stand for the chemicals adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and thymine (T), respectively, that make up the nucleotide bases of DNA.

Is height a gene?

For most individuals, though, height is controlled largely by a combination of genetic variants that each have more modest effects on height, plus a smaller contribution from environmental factors (such as nutrition). More than 700 such gene variants have been discovered and many more are expected to be identified

Which parent determines the height of a child?

At least 700 genetic variations are responsible for determining height, coming from both mom and dad’s genes. But there is evidence to suggest that each parent’s “height gene” functions a bit differently. Dad’s genes play a significant role in promoting growth

Can a short kid become tall?

Remember, once your child finishes puberty, growth stops. A short teenager has little or no time to catch up on growth, while a younger child still has time to be treated and grow taller

What is tall for an 11 year old?

They’re likely to stand somewhere between 4 and 5 feet tall at this age. Their weight will probably be somewhere between 70 and 100 pounds. But at this age, your daughter has likely entered puberty and is at the peak of a growth spurt