What cells have similar functions?
The cell is the basic unit of a living organism. In multicellular organisms (organisms with more than one cell), a collection of cells that work together to perform similar functions is called a tissue. In the next higher level of organization, various tissues that perform coordinated functions form organs.
What is ribosome Class 9?
Ribosomes are the cell organelles found inside the cell and composed of RNA and Proteins. They may found suspended in the cytosol, called free ribosomes or bound to the endoplasmic reticulum, called bound ribosomes. They help in protein synthesis….
What is the structure and function of endoplasmic reticulum?
The endoplasmic reticulum can either be smooth or rough, and in general its function is to produce proteins for the rest of the cell to function. The rough endoplasmic reticulum has on it ribosomes, which are small, round organelles whose function it is to make those proteins.
What does Golgi apparatus look like?
The Golgi apparatus (GA), also called Golgi body or Golgi complex and found universally in both plant and animal cells, is typically comprised of a series of five to eight cup-shaped, membrane-covered sacs called cisternae that look something like a stack of deflated balloons.
How does the Golgi apparatus sort proteins?
Proteins are sorted into the regulated secretory pathway in the trans Golgi network, where they are packaged into specialized secretory vesicles. These secretory vesicles, which are larger than other transport vesicles, store their contents until specific signals direct their fusion with the plasma membrane.
What is the relationship between the Golgi apparatus and the plasma membrane?
What is the relationship between the Golgi apparatus and the plasma membrane? The finished products of the Golgi apparatus may leave the cell through vesicles that fuse with the plasma membrane. – The Golgi apparatus modifies chemicals received from the endoplasmic reticulum.
How are proteins transported in a cell?
From the endoplasmic reticulum, proteins are transported in vesicles to the Golgi apparatus, where they are further processed and sorted for transport to lysosomes, the plasma membrane, or secretion from the cell.
Where are proteins synthesized?
How are proteins synthesized in the body?
Protein synthesis is the process in which cells make proteins. It occurs in two stages: transcription and translation. Transcription is the transfer of genetic instructions in DNA to mRNA in the nucleus. It includes three steps: initiation, elongation, and termination….
What is the site of protein synthesis?
Ribosomes are the sites in a cell in which protein synthesis takes place. Within the ribosome, the rRNA molecules direct the catalytic steps of protein synthesis — the stitching together of amino acids to make a protein molecule. In fact, rRNA is sometimes called a ribozyme or catalytic RNA to reflect this function.