What are the two components of health literacy?
Health literacy is the use of a wide range of skills that improve the ability of people to act on information in order to live healthier lives. These skills include reading, writing, listening, speaking, numeracy, and critical analysis, as well as communication and interaction skills.”
How do you explain health literacy?
Health literacy is the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information needed to make appropriate health decisions.
How do you deal with low health literacy?
Addressing Low Health Literacy
- The first step is to identify the problem.
- Slow down.
- Use plain, non-medical language.
- Show or draw pictures.
- Limit the amount of information provided and repeat it before moving on.
- Use the teach-back or show-me technique.
- Create a shame-free environment.
- Build in safeguards.
What are some signs that a patient might have low health literacy?
Some examples of behavioral and verbal responses commonly observed in patients with low health literacy include:
- Incomplete or inaccurate registration forms and other paperwork.
- Frequently missed appointments.
- Nonadherence with medications or assigned treatment programs.
How common is low health literacy?
Low health literacy is very common. According to a large national study, more than 1 in 3 adults in America have low health literacy. People with low health literacy may be able to read and understand a simple appointment slip or patient education pamphlet.
What can nurses do to improve health literacy?
Nurses, nurse managers, and general health care providers can use the following strategies for improving health literacy among patient populations:
- Creating a welcoming environment.
- Making use of printed information.
- Using basic language.
- Speaking at a measured pace.
- Asking questions.
- Encouraging questions.