What are the side effects of spine surgery?
Are There Risks?
- Reaction to anesthesia or other drugs.
- Blood clots, for instance in your legs or lungs.
- Heart attack.
- Herniated disk.
- Nerve damage, which can lead to weakness, paralysis, pain, sexual dysfunction, or loss of bowel or bladder control.
What are the risks of spinal fusion surgery?
Spinal fusion is generally a safe procedure. But as with any surgery, spinal fusion carries the potential risk of complications….Potential complications include:
- Poor wound healing.
- Blood clots.
- Injury to blood vessels or nerves in and around the spine.
- Pain at the site from which the bone graft is taken.
Can you ruin a spinal fusion?
An instrumented fusion can fail if there is not enough support to hold the spine while it is fusing. Therefore, spinal hardware (e.g. pedicle screws) may be used as an internal splint to hold the spine while it fuses after spine surgery.
How long do spinal fusions last?
For patients with the smallest surgery, lumbar disc herniation, pain after 4 years was rated 1 or 2 out of 10. For patients who had undergone the largest surgeries, long fusions, pre-op pain improved from 7/10 to 3 – 4/10 at four years.
How should I sleep after lumbar fusion?
It is generally OK after back surgery to sleep in whatever position is most comfortable. Some prefer to sleep on one side or the other with a pillow between their knees and/or behind them to support the back.
Can you sit in a recliner after spinal fusion?
Use firm pillows to prop yourself up to a reclining position while in bed. 45-degree wedge pillow, recliner, and donut cushions. In the weeks following surgery, sitting can be painful or uncomfortable. It is best to avoid sitting for long periods.
How do you poop after back surgery?
After surgery, you should also plan to take a stool softener, such as docusate (Colace). A fiber laxative, such as psyllium (Metamucil), may also be helpful. Purchase a laxative or stool softener before your surgery so that you have it available when you return home.
Is it OK to sleep in a recliner after back surgery?
Sleeping in a recliner after back surgery Sitting in a reclined position is less stressful for your back than sitting in an upright chair. However, it’s a good idea to make sure that your recliner offers adequate back support so you’re not sitting with a curved spine and putting more stress on your back.
How long does it take for bones to fuse after spinal fusion?
With spinal instrumentation and fusion working together, new bone will grow around the metal implants – similar to reinforced concrete. Figure 2. After 3 to 6 months new bone growth will fuse the two vertebrae into one solid piece of bone.
Are there permanent restrictions after spinal fusion?
Of course, right after surgery your restrictions will be greater, but after a few months, your doctor may give you a permanent restriction of lifting more than 50 pounds occasionally and 25 pounds frequently, as well as occasional bending only. The SSA will rate these restrictions as a medium RFC.
When can you bend after lumbar fusion?
Once the surgeon confirms on x-ray imaging that the fusion has completely solidified into one bone, a full return to an active lifestyle—including bending, lifting, and twisting—is permitted. This approval typically occurs about 6 months after the surgery, but sometimes it may take closer to 12 months.
Can you feel the hardware after spinal fusion?
Although most patients feel better within a few weeks, “recovery from surgery to remove hardware depends on the extent of the surgery itself,” explains Dr. Lieberman.
Why does my back still hurt after spinal fusion?
The formation of scar tissue near the nerve root (also called epidural fibrosis) is a common occurrence after back surgery—so common, in fact, it is so common that it often occurs for patients with successful surgical outcomes as well as for patients with continued or recurrent leg pain and back pain.
How long does it take for nerves to heal after spinal fusion?
Conclusion: In lumbar radiculopathy patients after surgical decompression, pain recovers fastest, in the first 6 weeks postoperatively, followed by paresthesia recovery that plateaus at 3 months postoperatively. Numbness recovers at a slower pace but continues until 1 year.
Can you live a normal life after spinal fusion?
Think about the fact that your bones will not fully fuse (after spinal fusion surgery) for 12 to 18 months. Yes, you’ll be back to some semblance of “normal” well before that. But limit those elevated expectations and be real. For quite a while, you’ll have good days and not-so-good days.
Will I need a walker after spinal fusion?
You will need an assistance device such as a walker or cane for the first week; however, you should strive to limit the use of this device after the first two to three weeks when you are on stable ground. By the end of the first month, you should be able to walk one mile without your assistance device.
How long do you have to wear a brace after spinal fusion?
Depending on the surgery and your general condition, you may only have to wear your back brace for two weeks or until your first post-op visit. Lumbar fusion surgery patients will have to wear their brace for a longer period of time, up to three months, especially as they return to work and to normal activities.
Can I climb stairs after spinal fusion?
While it may seem easy to climb stairs a few days after surgery, this motion can put undue stress on your spine and slow down your recovery. You can go upstairs in the couple weeks following surgery, but it’s best to limit stairs to once or twice a day in the first few weeks.
What should I wear after spinal fusion?
You will also need a robe (not floor length), and slippers or soft, low-heeled shoes with closed backs, such as sneakers, walking shoes or loafers. If you will be wearing a brace after surgery, please also bring cotton tee shirts with you to wear under your brace. Please do not bring any valuables to the hospital.
How much walking should I do after back surgery?
Walking is the best activity you can do for the first 6 weeks after surgery. You should start out slowly and work up to walking 30 minutes at least twice a day. Do not be surprised if you require frequent naps during the day.