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2021-05-27

What are the most common side effects of hydrochlorothiazide?

What are the most common side effects of hydrochlorothiazide?

Common side effects may include:

  • nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite;
  • diarrhea, constipation;
  • muscle spasm; or.
  • dizziness, headache.

How long does it take hydrochlorothiazide to work?

Pharmacological effects begin in about 2 hours after an oral dose, peaks in 4 hours, and lasts for about 6 to 12 hours. Hydrochlorothiazide is not metabolized, and a majority is excreted in the urine unchanged. It also causes a loss of potassium and bicarbonate.

How much weight can you lose with hydrochlorothiazide?

The effective dose of hydrochlorothiazide in 52% of these responders was 50 mg/day, and this was associated with weight loss averaging 1.58 kg. An additional 29% achieved goal BP with a similar degree of weight loss, but they required double the dose, or 100 mg/day.

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Does hydrochlorothiazide make you pee a lot?

Hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide) is a thiazide diuretic (water pill) that makes you urinate more. It works in the kidneys to remove extra water and certain electrolytes (like sodium and potassium) to lower blood pressure and reduce swelling.

How long does 25 mg of hydrochlorothiazide stay in your system?

It takes approximately 3.5 days for hydrochlorothiazide to be removed from the body. Hydrochlorothiazide has an elimination half-life of 6 to 15 hours. The half life is used to estimate how long it takes for a drug to be eliminated from the body.

Is coughing a side effect of hydrochlorothiazide?

The more common side effects that can occur with lisinopril/hydrochlorothiazide include: dizziness. headache. persistent cough.

What kind of diuretic is hydrochlorothiazide?

Hydrochlorothiazide is a thiazide-type diuretic which has been available for clinical use for more than 5 decades.

Should I take potassium with hydrochlorothiazide?

If you take a low dose of chlorthalidone or hydrochlorothiazide and have normal kidney function, your doctor will probably recommend getting potassium from dietary sources. You can boost your potassium intake from the same foods that are heart healthy – vegetables, fruits and fish.

What can I replace hydrochlorothiazide with?

While numerous thiazide diuretics are available, hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) is by far the most commonly used diuretic in the United States, with an estimated 50 million prescriptions written annually. Notable alternatives to HCTZ include indapamide and chlorthalidone (CTD).

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How many points does hydrochlorothiazide lower blood pressure?

Thiazide diuretics reduced blood pressure by 9 points in the upper number (called systolic blood pressure) and 4 points in the lower number (called diastolic blood pressure).