What are the equipment used in microbiology laboratory?
Microbiology equipment include microscopes; slides; test tubes; petri dishes; growth mediums, both solid and liquid; inoculation loops; pipettes and tips; incubators; autoclaves, and laminar flow hoods.
What is inoculation in microbiology?
Inoculation meaning in microbiology is that transfer from culture for their growth. It is the direct transfer from the culture of microorganisms to inoculation needle.
What are the common consumable materials important in the microbiological laboratory?
Microbiology Lab Consumables
- Disposable Cotton Swabs.
- 60 mm, 100 mm & 150 mm Sterile Polystyrene Petri Dishes.
- Pipette Accessories, Specialty Reagent Reservoirs.
- Lab Supply, PolyPestle™ Double-Sided Pestles.
- Centrifuge Tubes, Microcentrifuge Tubes w/ Plastic Caps, Sterile.
- Cardboard Cassette Storage Drawer.
What are microbiology lab techniques?
Microbiological Laboratory Techniques
- Sterilization. Disinfection. Sanitization.
- Types of Culture Media. Live Media. Incubation and Isolation.
- Negative and Simple Stains. Differential Stains. Special Stains. Fixation and Staining for Electron Microscopy.
- Morphology. Cultural Characteristics. Physiological/Biochemical Characteristics. Molecular Analysis.
What are the 5 I’s of microbiology?
Microbes are managed and characterized by using the Five I’s (inoculation, incubation, isolation, inspection and identification).
What are inoculation techniques?
Inoculation method can affect symptom development. Typically, inoculation is performed via mechanical wounding or grafting. Mechanical inoculation includes cutting, slashing, and rubbing, and is the only procedure for fulfilling Koch’s postulates.
What is an example of inoculation?
For example, an inoculation message designed to discourage teen cigarette smoking (e.g., Pfau et al., 1992) might begin with a warning that peer pressure will strongly challenge their negative attitudes toward smoking, then follow this forewarning with a handful of potential counterarguments they might face from their ..
What is the purpose of inoculation?
Inoculation may be defined as the process of adding effective bacteria to the host plant seed before planting. The purpose of inoculation is to make sure that there is enough of the correct type of bacteria present in the soil so that a successful legume-bacterial symbiosis is established.
Why do we inoculate bacteria?
It is most often used for the specific definition of introducing microorganisms in a culture where they will be able to grow and reproduce. This is most often used in lab practices and research where scientists want to grow and study certain strains and species of bacteria
What means inoculate?
transitive verb. 1a : to introduce immunologically active material (such as an antibody or antigen) into especially in order to treat or prevent a disease inoculate children against diphtheria. b : to introduce a microorganism into inoculate mice with anthrax beans inoculated with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
What is the definition of inoculum?
Definitions of inoculum. noun. a substance (a virus or toxin or immune serum) that is introduced into the body to produce or increase immunity to a particular disease.
What is an inoculum in microbiology quizlet?
What is an inoculum? The bacteria transferred to a new medium. The bacteria that are transferred during inoculation are called the inoculum. The new sterile medium receives, or is inoculated with, the inoculum.
What is virulence mean?
Virulence is defined as the relative ability of a microorganism to overcome host defenses, or the degree of pathogenicity within a group or species (Poulin and Combes, 1999).
What is virulence of bacteria?
Virulence is described as an ability of an organism to infect the host and cause a disease. Virulence factors are the molecules that assist the bacterium colonize the host at the cellular level. In extracellular pathogens, the secretory virulence factors act synergistically to kill the host cells
What are examples of virulence factors?
Factors that are produced by a microorganism and evoke disease are called virulence factors. Examples are toxins, surface coats that inhibit phagocytosis, and surface receptors that bind to host cells.
What is virulence in medical term?
Virulence: The ability of an agent of infection to produce disease. The virulence of a microorganism is a measure of the severity of the disease it causes.
How is virus virulence measured?
Virus virulence can be measured in a variety of ways, based on mortality, illness, or pathological lesions, each of which can be quantified. The virulence phenotype also may be qualitative, involving differences in the tropism of different viral variants.
What does Toxigenicity mean?
toxigenicity. The ability of a pathogenic organism to produce injurious substances that damage the host
What is an example of virulent?
The definition of virulent is something very dangerous or harmful. It also is being especially bitter, ardent and hostile. An example of virulent is an aggressive and deadly disease. An example of virulent is when you rage a bitter and angry speech against a teacher you don’t like.
What is a synonym for virulent?
virulent(adj) infectious; having the ability to cause disease. Synonyms: acrid, blistering, acid, sulphurous, caustic, venomous, bitter, deadly, acerbic, vitriolic, acerb, sulfurous.
What is a pathogenesis?
Pathogenesis: The development of a disease and the chain of events leading to that disease.
What is an example of pathogenesis?
Types of pathogenesis include microbial infection, inflammation, malignancy and tissue breakdown. For example, bacterial pathogenesis is the mechanism by which bacteria cause infectious illness. Most diseases are caused by multiple processes.
What are the steps of pathogenesis?
Stages of Pathogenesis. To cause disease, a pathogen must successfully achieve four steps or stages of pathogenesis: exposure (contact), adhesion (colonization), invasion, and infection.
What is another word for pathogenesis?
In this page you can discover 14 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for pathogenesis, like: pathophysiology, aetiology, etiology, autoimmunity, immunological, oncogenesis, immunopathology, carcinogenesis, immunopathogenesis, neurodegeneration and tumourigenesis.
What is another word for etiology?
Etiology Synonyms – WordHippo Thesaurus….What is another word for etiology?
What is another name for epidemiology?
epidemiologic, epidemiology, epidemic, Epidemics, epi.
What is the difference between etiology and pathogenesis?
The terms “etiology” and “pathogenesis” are closely related to the questions of why and how a certain disease or disorder develops. Models of etiology and pathogenesis therefore try to account for the processes that initiate (etiology) and maintain (pathogenesis) a certain disorder or disease.