What are the 4 compartments of the leg?
The lower leg subdivides into four compartments which are the anterior, lateral, superficial posterior and deep posterior compartments.
How do you treat chronic compartment syndrome?
To help relieve the pain of chronic exertional compartment syndrome, try the following:
- Use orthotics or wear better athletic shoes.
- Limit your physical activities to those that don’t cause pain, especially focusing on low-impact activities such as cycling or an elliptical trainer.
How can I improve my compartment syndrome?
Avoiding the activity that causes symptoms can relieve pain and tenderness and prevent compartment syndrome from worsening. Low-impact workout routines, including swimming and cycling, are effective ways to maintain fitness without risking elevated pressure in the muscle compartments.
What causes compartment syndrome of the lower leg?
Lying for too long in a position that blocks a blood vessel, then moving or waking up can cause this condition. Most healthy people will naturally move when blood flow to a limb is blocked during sleep. The development of compartment syndrome in this manner usually occurs in people who are neurologically compromised.
What is compartment syndrome in lower leg?
Compartment syndrome of the lower leg is a condition where the pressure increases within a non-extensible space within the limb. This compromises the circulation and function of the tissues within that space as it compresses neural tissue, blood vessels and muscle.
Which of the following is a sign of compartment syndrome?
There are five characteristic signs and symptoms related to acute compartment syndrome: pain, paraesthesia (reduced sensation), paralysis, pallor, and pulselessness. Pain and paresthesia are the early symptoms of compartment syndrome.
How do you fix exertional compartment syndrome?
A surgical procedure called fasciotomy is the most effective treatment of chronic exertional compartment syndrome. It involves cutting open the inflexible tissue encasing each of the affected muscle compartments. This relieves the pressure.