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2021-05-14

What are the 3 main categories of organelles within the cytoplasm?

What are the 3 main categories of organelles within the cytoplasm?

Some of the most important organelles that cytoplasm contains are the ribosomes, mitochondria, proteins, the endoplasmic reticulum, lysosomes, and the the Golgi apparatus. The mitochondria are areas of ‘energy-making’, because they contain the materials necessary for ATP synthesis, or the fueling of the cell.

What organelle breaks down substances in cells?

lysosome

What are cell organelles give 3 examples?

6 Cell Organelles

  • Nucleus. nucleus; animal cell.
  • Ribosomes. Ribosomes are the protein factories of the cell.
  • Endoplasmic reticulum. Ribosomes on the outer surface of the endoplasmic reticulum play an important role in protein synthesis within cells.
  • Golgi apparatus. Golgi apparatus.
  • Chloroplasts. chloroplast structure.
  • Mitochondria.

What is the function of lysosomes and Golgi apparatus?

The job of the Golgi apparatus is to process and bundle macromolecules like proteinsand lipids as they are synthesized within the cell. Lysosomes are organelles that contain digestive enzymes. They digest excess or worn out organelles, food particles, and engulfed viruses or bacteria.

What is the function of the Golgi apparatus Golgi body?

A Golgi body, also known as a Golgi apparatus, is a cell organelle that helps process and package proteins and lipid molecules, especially proteins destined to be exported from the cell. Named after its discoverer, Camillo Golgi, the Golgi body appears as a series of stacked membranes.

What are the two functions of a nucleus?

What is the nucleus?

  • The nucleus is an organelle found in most eukaryotic cells, the exception being red blood cells.
  • The primary functions of the nucleus are to store the cell’s DNA, maintain its integrity, and facilitate its transcription and replication.

What is the most abundant organelle?

Protein Factories Ribosomes Smallest but most abundant organelles  Their job is to hook together amino acids to make proteins  Found in both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells  Not covered by a membrane  All cells have ribosomes because all cells need protein  to live. 12

Which cell is more abundant?

water

What is the appearance of Golgi apparatus?

The Golgi apparatus (GA), also called Golgi body or Golgi complex and found universally in both plant and animal cells, is typically comprised of a series of five to eight cup-shaped, membrane-covered sacs called cisternae that look something like a stack of deflated balloons.

What converts food into energy in a cell?

The mitochondria are the converters; they convert the fuel into useable energy. When food is digested, or broken down into its smallest molecules and nutrients, and air is taken in, or inspired, the smallest molecules and nutrients cross into the bloodstream.