What are nursing interventions for hyperglycemia?
Nursing Interventions and Rationale
- Administer basal and prandial insulin.
- Watch out for signs of morning hyperglycemia.
- Teach patient how to perform home glucose monitoring.
- Report BP of more than 160 mm Hg (systolic).
- Instruct patient to avoid heating pads and always to wear shoes when walking.
What are the signs of hypoglycemia in a newborn?
- Bluish-colored or pale skin.
- Breathing problems, such as pauses in breathing (apnea), rapid breathing, or a grunting sound.
- Irritability or listlessness.
- Loose or floppy muscles.
- Poor feeding or vomiting.
- Problems keeping the body warm.
- Tremors, shakiness, sweating, or seizures.
What happens if a baby is born with low blood sugar?
Neonatal hypoglycemia is a condition in which a baby’s blood sugar falls dangerously low within a few days of birth. These low glucose levels can impair the growth process and cause brain cells to die. Neonatal hypoglycemia is one of the most common neonatal metabolic issues, and is easily treated.
What is normal bilirubin in newborn?
In a newborn, higher bilirubin is normal due to the stress of birth. Normal indirect bilirubin would be under 5.2 mg/dL within the first 24 hours of birth. But many newborns have some kind of jaundice and bilirubin levels that rise above 5 mg/dL within the first few days after birth.
Is 14 a high bilirubin level in newborns?
Breast milk jaundice occurs later in the newborn period, with the bilirubin level usually peaking in the sixth to 14th days of life. This late-onset jaundice may develop in up to one third of healthy breastfed infants. 1 Total serum bilirubin levels vary from 12 to 20 mg per dL (340 μ mol per L) and are nonpathologic.
How long does it take for jaundice to go away in newborns?
In formula-fed babies, most jaundice goes away by 2 weeks. However, if your baby is jaundiced for more than 3 weeks, see your baby’s doctor.
How do you fix breast milk jaundice?
You’ll need to keep the baby well hydrated with breast milk or formula. Feeding up to 12 times a day will encourage frequent bowel movements, which help to remove the bilirubin. If your baby needs treatment in the hospital, she may be placed under special blue lights that help break down bilirubin in the baby’s skin.