What angle do you give an IM injection?
Intramuscular shots are given at 90 degree angle. Needle for IM injections can be 22-23 Gauge, 1-1.5 inches in length, adjusted for thickness of site.
What is Z track method of IM injection?
The Z-track method is a type of IM injection technique used to prevent tracking (leakage) of the medication into the subcutaneous tissue (underneath the skin). During the procedure, skin and tissue are pulled and held firmly while a long needle is inserted into the muscle.
What happens if an IM injection is given subcutaneously?
Serious reactions to intramuscular injections are rare; in one series of 26 294 adults, of whom 46% had received at least one intramuscular injection, only 48 (0.4%) had a local adverse effect. However, subcutaneous injections can cause abscesses and granulomas.
Which site is best for IM injection?
There are four sites you can use to give yourself an intramuscular injection. The best locations for an IM injection are your upper arms, thighs, hips, and buttocks. These sites have large, easy to locate muscles and a little fatty tissue covering them.
How much volume is an IM injection?
An intramuscular (IM) injection is the administration of medication through the cutaneous and subcutaneous layers, into the muscle. Solutions up to a volume of 5ml in large muscles, and 2ml in smaller muscles, may be used.
What is iv and im?
1 Intravenous (IV), subcutaneous (SC), and intramuscular (IM) are three most frequently used injection routes in medication administration. IM injection is the technique used to deliver a medication deep into the muscles, allowing the medication to be absorbed into the bloodstream quickly.
Is IM injection better than IV?
IV drug administration achieves high plasma concentrations rapidly in plasma and tissues. Muscles are very vascular structures, and IM absorption occurs by drug diffusion from interstitial fluid and capillary membranes into plasma, and so onset of action is longer than IV injection.