What adds salt to the ocean?
Salt in the ocean comes from two sources: runoff from the land and openings in the seafloor. Rocks on land are the major source of salts dissolved in seawater. Rainwater that falls on land is slightly acidic, so it erodes rocks.
What are the three sources of salt in the ocean?
Ocean water contains lots of different mineral salts: sodium, chloride, sulfate, magnesium, calcium, potassium, bicarbonate and bromide. These salts enter the ocean through rivers, which pass over rocks and soil, picking up salt along the way.
What is the main salt in ocean water?
The two ions that are present most often in seawater are chloride and sodium. These two make up over 90% of all dissolved ions in seawater. By the way, the concentration of salt in seawater (salinity) is about 35 parts per thousand.
Which events may occur when ocean salinity increases?
Answer: 1)The mass of water increases. 2) Freezing point of water decreases. 4) bouyancy of objects in the water increases.
Which factor affects the temperature of ocean water?
The temperature of ocean water varies by location – both in terms of latitude and depth, due to variations in solar radiation and the physical properties of water.
Which action causes breakers quizlet?
Which action causes breakers? Waves hit the shore at an angle and transport sand.
What causes the three different types of breakers?
Describe the three different types of breakers indicate the slope of the beach that produces the three types. As the water depth decreases, bottom drag increases; thus the top part of the wave moves forward faster than the base, causing the wave to collapse as a breaker or plunger.
What causes waves to refract as they approach the shore quizlet?
Refraction occurs when the part of the wave in shallow water slows down and the part of the wave in deeper water moves at its original speed. Wave refraction causes sand to be deposited in bays, where wave energy is lower.
What actions cause breakers?
The answer is when the waves meet the shore and cause the crest to spill over the trough. This activity creates a back and forth movement of the sand which causes them to settle at a certain area under below the water.
What is a surging breaker?
Notes: Surging Breaker – waves that do not break in the traditional sense. This wave starts as a plunging, then the wave catches up with the crest, and the breaker surges up the beach face as a wall of water (with the wave crest and base traveling at the same speed).
What are the 3 different types of breaker waves?
There are three basic types of breaking waves: spilling breakers, plunging breakers, and surging breakers.
What’s it called when a wave breaks?
There are four basic types of breaking waves: spilling, plunging, collapsing, and surging. Spilling waves are gentle waves with crests that break softly towards the shore. These waves break when the ocean floor has a gradual slope. Plunging waves break when the ocean floor is steep or has sudden depth changes.
What are the names of waves?
Different types of waves have a different set of characteristics. Based on the orientation of particle motion and direction of energy, there are three categories: Mechanical waves. Electromagnetic waves….Electromagnetic Wave
- Radio waves.
- Ultraviolet waves.
What are the 4 types of ocean waves?
- 2.1 Capillary Waves.
- 2.2 Gravity Waves: Wind Sea and Swell.
- 2.3 Infragravity Waves.
- 2.4 Long‐Period Waves (Tsunamis, Seiches, and Storm Surges)
- 2.5 Tides.
What is it called when a wave breaks on a beach and washes up it?
Wave types When a wave breaks, water is washed up the beach. This is called the swash . Then the water runs back down the beach, which is called the backwash . With a constructive wave, the swash is stronger than the backwash. With a strong backwash, material will be removed and the beach will decrease in size.
What causes waves to rise up and break on the beach?
When the wind blows over the sea, it creates waves. The size and energy of the wave depends on certain factors: the strength of the wind. how long the wind has been blowing for.
What is the white bit of a wave called?
“Foam” is the simplest word to use, “Ocean foam” or “Sea foam” if the context doesn’t allow the word “sea” to be dropped. Two boys were playing in the foam on the beach. Foam produced on waves far from the beach by strong winds are called “White horses”
How do you describe the sound of a wave?
Sound wave can be described by five characteristics: Wavelength, Amplitude, Time-Period, Frequency and Velocity or Speed. The minimum distance in which a sound wave repeats itself is called its wavelength. That is it is the length of one complete wave
How do you describe a beautiful sea?
A dreamy sea has a rhythmic pulse to it unmatched by any other part of nature. It forges its own sounds and kindles its own symphony. The sea was buzzing with its dormant strength. The waves were crawling gently to the shore
What words describe the ocean?
Here are some adjectives for ocean: shallow turquoise, little but smooth, vast and furious, legendary dehydrated, massive shallow, endless choppy, wide, alien, tempestuous and variable, turbulent and foggy, hungry and relentless, entire warm, gray nighttime, majestic, everlasting, supernatural red, white and …
What is the smell of the sea called?
At low tide, you’ll also smell chemicals called dictyopterenes, which are sex pheromones produced by seaweed eggs to attract the sperm. And on top of all this is the ‘iodine’ smell of the sea, which is actually the bromophenols produced by marine worms and algae.
What smells are at the beach?
- SUNCREAM. Coconutty SPF smells like every holiday you’ve ever been on.
- SALT WATER. From the subtle scent of sea spray to salty fish and chips, the first breath of fresh coastal air tastes as good as it feels.
- VANILLA MUSK.
- WICKER BEACH BAGS.
- TROPICAL FLOWERS.
What you taste at the beach?
If you’ve ever been on the beach, then you’ve probably tasted a little bit of ocean water. It’s salty, slightly fishy, and heavier than freshwater.
What can you hear in the beach?
Sounds of the Seaside
- seagulls and other coastal birds.
- children playing and laughing.
- sipping cold drinks.
- picnics being eaten.
- waves crashing on the shore.
- sand crunching underfoot.
- kids jumping over waves.
- ice cream vans.
What can you see at the beach?
10 things you will see at the beach
- 3 Jellyfish.
- 4 Deckchairs.
- 5 Watersports.
- 6 Burnt feet.
- 7 Sunburn.
- 8 Families.
- 9 Frisbee.
- 10 Picnics. Year-round sunshine does not translate to pleasant weather 52 weeks of the year.
How would you describe sand?
Here are some adjectives for sand: dry and trodden, treacherously empty, unadulterated and uncompromising, copious wet, delicious velvety, everywhere gray, fine-grained orange, deader dry, arid and thick, arid sweltering, older, oxidized, loose and powdery, coarse sharp, just bleak, gritty, stinging, sweet and gilded.