Is a planetary nebula a low mass star?
A planetary nebula is an expanding, glowing shell of hot gas (plasma) that is cast off towards the end of a low-mass star’s life. Low-mass stars turn into planetary nebulae towards the end of their red giant phase. At that point the star becomes highly unstable and starts to pulsate.
What are the stages of a low mass star?
Low mass star
- Main Sequence. Low mass stars spend billions of years fusing hydrogen to helium in their cores via the proton-proton chain.
- Red Giant. When hydrogen fusion can no longer happen in the core, gravity begins to collapse the core again.
- Planetary Nebula.
- White Dwarf.
Which is the last stage for a low mass star?
For low-mass stars (left hand side), after the helium has fused into carbon, the core collapses again. As the core collapses, the outer layers of the star are expelled. A planetary nebula is formed by the outer layers. The core remains as a white dwarf and eventually cools to become a black dwarf.
Which stars are low mass?
Low mass stars (stars with masses less than half the mass of the Sun) are the smallest, coolest and dimmest Main Sequence stars and orange, red or brown in colour. Low mass stars use up their hydrogen fuel very slowly and consequently have long lives.
What will happen if a low mass star runs out of hydrogen fuel?
When our Sun runs out of hydrogen fuel in the core, it will contract and heat up to a sufficient degree that helium fusion can begin. If your star is too low in mass, it will fuse hydrogen into helium only, and will never get hot enough to fuse helium into carbon.
What is the difference between a low mass star and a high mass star?
High mass stars have to generate a lot of energy in order to balance the force of gravity. Therefore they are very hot and luminous. That explains their position high on the Main Sequence. On the other hand, low mass stars have to generate little energy in order to balance the force due to gravity.
Do high mass stars die faster?
A star’s life expectancy depends on its mass. Generally, the more massive the star, the faster it burns up its fuel supply, and the shorter its life. The most massive stars can burn out and explode in a supernova after only a few million years of fusion.
What stars High Mass?
High-mass stars are very luminous and short lived. They forge heavy elements in their cores, explode as supernovas, and expel these elements into space. Apart from hydrogen and helium, most of the elements in the universe, including those comprising Earth and everything on it, came from these stars.
What is the lifespan of a high mass star?
A star with a mass 25 times that of the Sun will live for about 2.5 million years.
What do low mass and high mass stars have in common?
Low mass stars and high mass stars share similarities and differences. One of the similarities is they both start the same way, with a huge collection of gases, primarily hydrogen and helium. Another similarity would be the way they generate their energy, through a process known as nuclear fusion.
How do high mass stars die?
All stars eventually run out of their hydrogen gas fuel and die. When a high-mass star has no hydrogen left to burn, it expands and becomes a red supergiant. While most stars quietly fade away, the supergiants destroy themselves in a huge explosion, called a supernova.
What do stars that have solar masses of 8 or more become when they die?
How do massive stars die? Stars more massive than about 8 solar masses cannot lose mass fast enough to reduce their mass low enough to die by ejecting a planetary nebula and collapsing into a white dwarf. Such massive stars must die more violent deaths.
What happens when a star loses its mass?
As above, the gravitational hold on the upper layers is weakened, and they may be shed into space by violent events such as the beginning of a helium flash in the core. The final stage of a red giant’s life will also result in prodigious mass loss as the star loses its outer layers to form a planetary nebula.
What is the end state of a star with a core of 2 solar masses?
The upper mass-limit for a main sequence star that will go on to form a white dwarf rather than a neutron star is not precisely known but is thought to be about 8 solar masses. A 2 solar-mass star will probably end up as a 0.7 solar-mass white dwarf.
Will our Sun supernova?
A supernova — specifically, a core-collapse supernova — can only occur when a star many times more massive than our Sun runs out of nuclear fuel to burn in its core. All stars start off doing what our Sun does: fusing the most common element in the Universe, hydrogen, into helium through a series of chain reactions.