hyperthyroidism – What is it?

Schilddrüsenüberfunktion – Was ist das?In the case of the thyroid gland is an Organ whose shape is reminiscent of a butterfly. The thyroid gland is located immediately below the larynx and is responsible for the production of vital hormones responsible. The hormones of the thyroid gland has a strong influence on the metabolism. From a hyperthyroidism, the speech is always then, if the Hormone produced are far above the needs of the human body.

The causes of an overactive thyroid

The symptoms of an overactive thyroid different causes are responsible. In most cases, a car immune disease for the Occurrence of a overactive thyroid responsible. The human body forms in the context of an autoimmune disease specific antibodies which attack the thyroid gland. In addition to an auto-immune disease, and autonomy may favour the onset of an overactive thyroid. In the framework of an autonomy of the function of certain areas in the area of the thyroid gland can no longer be influenced by the pituitary gland. Often, the entire thyroid is even more of an autonomy affected. Only in the rarest of cases, tumors are characterized, for example, in the area of the thyroid gland the symptoms of an overactive thyroid responsible. In addition, it can also come in the first weeks of a pregnancy to an increased production of thyroid hormones.

The Disease

Depending on the cause of hyperthyroidism may be associated with different symptoms. The affected persons often suffer from a dominant feeling of inner restlessness. At the same time, it can also lead to sleep disorders. Based on an overactive thyroid, an increased blood occurs often pressure in appearance. It is not uncommon also to symptoms such as diarrhea or hair loss. Because of the thyroid-produced hormones take a noticeable influence on the metabolism, many people already after a short time a visible weight loss. This can result in women to serious menstrual disorders. If left untreated, hyperthyroidism can cause even severe damage to the heart.

The possibilities of modern medicine

Schilddrüsenüberfunktion – Was ist das?Thus, hyperthyroidism can be reliably diagnosed, you must first create a blood image. In addition, an examination of the thyroid gland can provide by means of an ultrasonic device, a first indication of hyperthyroidism. A thyroid scintigraphy can also be used as a suitable diagnostic procedures. For the treatment of an overactive thyroid often, special medications are used. The individual preparations which have an inhibitory effect on the production of hormones. Often the affected persons are treated with radioactive Iodine. Only in the rarest of cases, a surgical procedure must be carried out.

Images: Martha Kost, Horst, Jürgen Fälchle –