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2021-05-16

How soon after IV epinephrine should you pause compressions?

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How soon after IV epinephrine should you pause compressions?

one minute

Which 3 signs are used to evaluate the effectiveness of your actions and the need to continue one or both of these measures?

The three signs which are used to evaluate the effectiveness of your actions and the need to continue one or both of these measures are the respirations of the newborn baby, the heart rate of him, and lastly, the assessment of the oxygenation of the newborn.

Which is the best indication for volume expansion?

Ineffective respirations should be managed with positive pressure ventilation as required. Volume expansion is indicated if there is a history suggestive of blood loss and clinical signs such as poor perfusion, pallor and a weak pulse. Normal saline or blood can be given at a dose of 10 mL/kg.

Which of the following is the best indicator for volume expansion after resuscitative efforts?

Terms in this set (20) Which of the following is the best indication for volume expansion after resuscitative efforts that included intubation, chest compressions, and IV epinephrine? The baby’s heart rate remains 50 beats per minute after resuscitative efforts and pulses are weak.

What is the preferred method for assessing heart rate?

cardiac monitor

What is the ideal depth of chest compressions in a newborn?

one third to one half

How many chest compressions does a newborn need?

Since the baby’s lungs are small, only small puffs of air are needed to fill them. Repeat 30 compressions and 2 breaths for a total of 5 times. If you still have not called 911 because you are alone and did not have a cell phone, call 911 after 5 sets of compressions and breaths. Then, resume CPR until help arrives.

Which of the following indicates an immediate need for chest compressions in a newborn?

After performing the initial steps of resuscitation, you assess a newborn and note that its respirations are poor and its pulse rate is 50 beats/min. You should: begin chest compressions if the heart rate remains below 60 beats/min after 30 seconds of effective positive-pressure ventilation.

When should you start CPR on a neonate?

If the newborn’s pulse is less than 60, begin to perform full neonatal CPR – three chest compressions followed by one rescue breath.

What is the indication of newborn resuscitation?

Indications for positive pressure ventilation administered either via bag and mask or via endotracheal tube include (1) an insufficient respiratory pattern manifested by gasping and/or apnea, (2) a heart rate that remains below 100 beats/min (bpm) for 30 seconds, and (3) persistent central cyanosis despite …

What is the appropriate technique to stimulate a baby to breathe?

Acceptable stimulation methods include lightly flicking the soles of the feet or gently rubbing the newborn’s back. A brief trial of stimulation is recommended, but the emphasis is on brief. If the baby is still not breathing on his own, it is time to start breathing for him.

Which 3 questions should you ask to evaluate whether the baby can stay?

You are called to attend to a newborn at birth. At the time the baby is delivered, which 3 questions should you ask to evaluate whether the baby can stay with his mother or be moved to the radiant warmer for further assessment? Is the baby term? Does the baby have good muscle tone?

What are the 4 pre birth Questions?

7th edition NRP recommends 4 pre-birth questions are asked: gestational age, number of babies anticipated, the colour of amniotic fluid and presence of additional risk factors

What is the recommended way to determine if a baby requires support?

What is the recommended way to determine if a baby requires supplemental oxygen in the delivery room? Place an oximeter sensor on the baby’s right hand or wrist and assess oxygen saturation. You have determined a baby needs resuscitation at birth.

What is the minimum requirement for care of newborn at birth?

For every delivery, what is the minimum requirement for care of the newborn at birth? Someone capable of initiating neonatal resuscitation should be present at every delivery whose only responsibility is management of the newborn.

Which device does not reliably deliver free flow oxygen?

The Laerdal self‐inflating resuscitation bag is the most commonly used inflating device in the delivery room but it has been reported as unreliable for providing free flow oxygen.

What is the most effective maneuver to establish spontaneous breathing in a baby?

The most effective maneuver to establish spontaneous breathing in a baby that is apneic after initial steps is definitely application of positive pressure ventilation

How long should the steps of intubation take?

The mean duration of successful intubation was 31.9 seconds for PL-1’s, 27.5 seconds for PL-2/3’s, and 23.6 seconds for fellows. Overall intubations were more successful for a duration of 30 seconds or less compared with 20 seconds or less (72% vs 38%; chi(2)=10.3, P=. 001).

What is the preferred technique for removing secretions from the mouth and nose of a newborn?

The preferred technique for removing secretions from the mouth and nose of a newborn who requires resuscitation, is the suction of the mouth, before nose. This prevents the gasping of the fluid, while the nose is suctioned

What concentration of oxygen should be used as you begin positive pressure ventilation?

21 percent

Does PPV increase risk of pneumothorax?

Positive pressure ventilation can exacerbate air leaks and prevent pleural healing, potentially causing a rapid increase in the size and severity of existing pneumothorax

Which of the following is an indication for endotracheal intubation?

The main indications for intubation are airway protection and control of the airway. Such circumstances may be: general anaesthesia, congenital malformations and diseases of the upper airway, mechanical ventilation, perinatal resuscitation and various forms of acute respiratory distress.

What are the indication for intubation?

Indications for intubation to secure the airway include respiratory failure (hypoxic or hypercapnic), apnea, a reduced level of consciousness (sometimes stated as GCS less than or equal to 8), rapid change of mental status, airway injury or impending airway compromise, high risk for aspiration, or ‘trauma to the box ( ..

At what GCS do you intubate?

In trauma, a Glasgow Coma Scale score (GCS) of 8 or less indicates a need for endotracheal intubation. Some advocate a similar approach for other causes of decreased consciousness, however, the loss of airway reflexes and risk of aspiration cannot be reliably predicted using the GCS alone

Can you intubate a conscious patient?

Any patient except the crash airway can be intubated awake. If you think they are a difficult airway, temporize with NIV while you topically anesthetize and then do the patient awake while they keep breathing

What drug is given before intubation?

Common sedative agents used during rapid sequence intubation include etomidate, ketamine, and propofol. Commonly used neuromuscular blocking agents are succinylcholine and rocuronium. Certain induction agents and paralytics may be more beneficial than others in certain clinical situations

Can you talk while intubated?

A PATIENT CAN’T SPEAK when she’s endotracheally intubated for mechanical ventilation. Problems communicating can increase her anxiety, impairing both the effectiveness of treatment and her ability to cope with stress.