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2021-05-14

How are volcanic activities related to plate tectonics?

How are volcanic activities related to plate tectonics?

In the ocean, volcanoes erupt along cracks that are opened in the ocean floor by the spreading of two plates called a mid-ocean ridge . Magma from Earth’s upper mantle rises up to fill these cracks. As the lava cools, it forms new crust on the edges of the cracks.

Are volcanoes found where two plates meet?

Deep ocean trenches, volcanoes, island arcs, submarine mountain ranges, and fault lines are examples of features that can form along plate tectonic boundaries. Volcanoes are one kind of feature that forms along convergent plate boundaries, where two tectonic plates collide and one moves beneath the other.

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Where do most volcanoes lie in the plates?

Sixty percent of all active volcanoes occur at the boundaries between tectonic plates. Most volcanoes are found along a belt, called the “Ring of Fire” that encircles the Pacific Ocean. Some volcanoes, like those that form the Hawaiian Islands, occur in the interior of plates at areas called “hot spots.”

Why most of the volcanoes are found on the plate boundaries?

Solution. Along plate boundaries, either plates sink below another plate (subduction), heating and creating magma, or plates pull apart, allowing magma to rise to the surface. In both these conditions, when the magma reaches the surface it creates volcanoes. Thus, most of the volcanoes are found on the plate boundaries …

Why are there no volcanoes in California?

This spreading and subduction continues north along the length of South and Central America and up the west coast of Mexico, where it runs up the Gulf of California. But, because there is no ripping apart or subduction taking place along a transform fault, there isn’t any magma formation to lead to volcanoes.

Which type of boundaries is seafloor created?

Seafloor spreading occurs at divergent plate boundaries. As tectonic plates slowly move away from each other, heat from the mantle’s convection currents makes the crust more plastic and less dense. The less-dense material rises, often forming a mountain or elevated area of the seafloor.

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What are some examples of transform boundaries?

The San Andreas Fault and Queen Charlotte Fault are transform plate boundaries developing where the Pacific Plate moves northward past the North American Plate. The San Andreas Fault is just one of several faults that accommodate the transform motion between the Pacific and North American plates.

Where do transform boundaries most commonly occur?

Transform boundaries Most transform faults are found on the ocean floor. They commonly offset the active spreading ridges, producing zig-zag plate margins, and are generally defined by shallow earthquakes.

Where are the major transform boundaries?

Transform boundaries are places where plates slide sideways past each other. At transform boundaries lithosphere is neither created nor destroyed. Many transform boundaries are found on the sea floor, where they connect segments of diverging mid-ocean ridges. California’s San Andreas fault is a transform boundary.

What causes transform boundaries?

A transform plate boundary occurs when two plates slide past each other, horizontally. A well-known transform plate boundary is the San Andreas Fault, which is responsible for many of California’s earthquakes. A single tectonic plate can have multiple types of plate boundaries with the other plates that surround it.

What is another name for a transform boundary?

Nomenclature. Transform boundaries are also known as conservative plate boundaries because they involve no addition or loss of lithosphere at the Earth’s surface.

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What are the three types of transform plate boundaries?

There are three main types of plate boundaries:

  • Convergent boundaries: where two plates are colliding. Subduction zones occur when one or both of the tectonic plates are composed of oceanic crust.
  • Divergent boundaries – where two plates are moving apart.
  • Transform boundaries – where plates slide passed each other.

What did you notice with the space in between the two plates?

Answer: Explanation: Space is the bounderies of each plate and shows plate inclusion, separation and deviation.

What does the arrow on the map tells about the plate?

The arrow represent the movement of each plate. It simply tells us that the plates are moving in a certain direction as influenced by the convection current of the mantle.

In which two places do divergent boundaries occur?

Divergent boundaries are typified in the oceanic lithosphere by the rifts of the oceanic ridge system, including the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and the East Pacific Rise, and in the continental lithosphere by rift valleys such as the famous East African Great Rift Valley.

Which kind of boundary is found at these earthquake locations?

convergent boundaries

Which feature is most likely found at a divergent boundary?

fault-block mountains

Table of Contents

How are volcanic activities related to plate tectonics?

On land, volcanoes form when one tectonic plate moves under another. In the ocean, volcanoes erupt along cracks that are opened in the ocean floor by the spreading of two plates called a mid-ocean ridge . Magma from Earth’s upper mantle rises up to fill these cracks.

What is the relationship between plate tectonics plate boundaries and volcanic activity?

When these plates move around, they collide, move apart, or slide past each other. The movement of these plates can cause vibrations known as earth- quakes and can create conditions that cause volcanoes to form. and earthquake epicen- ters are related to tectonic plate boundaries.

Is there volcanic activity at this type of plate boundary?

Volcanism occurs at convergent boundaries (subduction zones) and at divergent boundaries (mid-ocean ridges, continental rifts), but not commonly at transform boundaries.

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What are the advantage and disadvantages of divergent plate boundaries?

Advantage: They provide land to stand on, so we can be land mammals rather than ocean creatures. Disadvantage: The move around sometimes, causing earthquakes that knock down our buildings and kill people.

What is the importance of knowing the location of faults and plate boundaries?

Plate boundaries are important because they are often associated with earthquakes and volcanoes. When Earth’s tectonic plates grind past one another, enormous amounts of energy can be released in the form of earthquakes.

What is the relationship between the location of plate boundaries and the formation of mountains?

Movements of tectonic plates create volcanoes along the plate boundaries, which erupt and form mountains. A volcanic arc system is a series of volcanoes that form near a subduction zone where the crust of a sinking oceanic plate melts and drags water down with the subducting crust.

What is the connection between faults and earthquakes?

Earthquakes occur on faults – strike-slip earthquakes occur on strike-slip faults, normal earthquakes occur on normal faults, and thrust earthquakes occur on thrust or reverse faults. When an earthquake occurs on one of these faults, the rock on one side of the fault slips with respect to the other.

About 80% of the active volcanoes and their related volcanic activities occur at the intersection of two plates, and one of them subducts below the other, the plate subducting, on the one hand, increase local pressure due to compression, on the other hand, melt into magma themselves; at this point, the upper plates …

What are the 3 types of volcanoes according to activity?

There are three types of volcanoes: cinder cones (also called spatter cones), composite volcanoes (also called stratovolcanoes), and shield volcanoes.

Which statements accurately describe hot spots Check all that apply hot spots can cause volcanoes hot spots can cause geothermal activity like geysers and mud pots the Hawaiian Islands formed over a hot spot hot spots occur?

  • Answer: the answer is a hot spots can cause volcanoes,
  • b hot spots can cause geothermal activity like geysers,
  • c the Hawaiian islands formed over a hotspot,
  • and e yellow stone national park is a geothermal hot spot.
  • Explanation:

In what ways does volcanic activity vary in relation to the type of plate margin along which it occurs?

Volcanic eruptions can occur along both divergent and convergent plate boundaries; however the eruptions are different at the two different plate boundaries. Generally the eruptions are considered to be more violent at convergent plate boundaries as opposed to divergent boundaries.

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What factors affect the earthquake and volcanic activity?

Answer. Answer: The factors that affect the distribution of earthquakes and volcanic activities are plate boundaries, presence of active volcanoes and the place is along a fault line.

What is Volcanicity and its main features?

Definition: Geomorphologic landscapes and landforms related to the deep seated (igneous) processes by which magma and associated gases rise through the crust and are extruded onto the earth’s surface and into the atmosphere.

What are the 5 main parts of a volcano?

The main parts of a volcano include the magma chamber, conduits, vents, craters and slopes.

What causes Volcanicity?

Volcanoes happen when magma rises to the surface of the earth, which causes bubbles of gas to appear in it. This gas can cause pressure to build up in the mountain, and it eventually explodes. When the magma bursts out of the earth, it is called lava.

What is the difference between Vulcanicity and Volcanicity?

Vulcanicity is the process through which solid, liquid or gaseous materials are forced into the crust or on the surface of the earth while volcanicity is the process through which igneous materials reach the earth’s surface.

What are the positive and negative impacts of volcanoes?

Positive: Lava and Ash deposited during an eruption breaks down to provide valuable nutrients for the soil… this creates very fertile soil which is good for agriculture. Negative: Deadly and devastating Lahars are made when… ash and mud from an eruption mixes with rain or melting snow making fast moving mud flows.

What is intrusive Volcanicity?

Intrusive volcanism is when magma is forced into the rocks that make up the Earth’s crust. Major features formed by intrusive volcanicity include: batholith, laccolith, dyke, pipe and sill. Batholiths: Have large scale magma that has been solidified at the base of the mountain.

What are the major intrusive igneous bodies?

A batholith is the largest of the intrusive bodies. They are larger than 100 square kilometers and usually form granite cores. As you can see in the diagram above a batholith is a very large intrusive igneous body.

How are intrusive bodies classified?

Intrusions are also classified according to size, shape, depth of formation, and geometrical relationship to the country rock. Intrusions that formed at depths of less than 2 kilometers are considered to be shallow intrusions, which tend to be smaller and finer grained than deeper intrusions.

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What is an intrusive feature?

When magma cools and solidifies in these spaces, Intrusive or plutonic igneous rocks are formed deep beneath the Earth’s surface. Intrusive features like stocks, laccoliths, sills, and dikes are formed. Common igneous rock types include granite, gabbro, and diorite.

What are two extrusive volcanic features?

Extrusive landforms are formed from material thrown out to the surface during volcanic activity. The materials thrown out include lava flows, pyroclastic debris, volcanic bombs, ash, dust and gases such as nitrogen compounds, sulphur compounds and minor amounts of chlorine, hydrogen and argon.

What are intrusive and extrusive volcanic features?

Intrusive- magma cools, crystallises and solidifies into igneous rocks below the earths surface. Extrusive- magma surfaces as lava and cools, crystallises and solidifies through contact with air (fast) or the sea (rapid) into igneous rocks above the earths surface.

How are plutons classified?

Plutons are classified by their shape, size, and relationship to the surrounding rock layers. A laccolith forms when viscous magma collects between rock layers and hardens into igneous rock.

What is the largest pluton?

batholith

Which type of magma has the greatest silica content?

Felsic magmas are higher in silica and contain lighter colored minerals such as quartz and orthoclase feldspar. The higher the amount of silica in the magma, the higher is its viscosity. Viscosity is a liquid’s resistance to flow.

What are the three major types of magma?

There are three basic types of magma: basaltic, andesitic, and rhyolitic, each of which has a different mineral composition. All types of magma have a significant percentage of silicon dioxide. Basaltic magma is high in iron, magnesium, and calcium but low in potassium and sodium.

What are the four main factors involved in the formation of magma?

the formation of magma are temperature, pressure, water content, and mineral content.

Which kind of eruptive activity is highly explosive?

geo quiz 6

Question Answer
Spreading center volcanism most generally produces rocks that are ________. basaltic in composition
Which kind of eruptive activity is most likely to be highly explosive? eruptions of big, continental margin, composite cones or stratovolcanoes