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2021-05-14

How and why do invasive species change the diversity index?

How and why do invasive species change the diversity index?

Answer Expert Verified An invasive species will often become dominant in which case the diversity index would decrease. This happens when the invasive species pushes out other species as it takes over the area. If the invasive species is unable to adapt, the diversity index would likely not change.

Which habitat is the most diverse?

tropical rain forests

Why are populations that are more diverse more stable?

My answer: Populations that are more diverse are more stable because they won’t be as effected if a species dies out. More diverse populations are difficult to invade due to the number of species, same goes with predation. For disease, the fact that there are so many DIFFERENT species makes them more immune.

How will increasing species diversity affect ecosystem?

Increasing species diversity can influence ecosystem functions — such as productivity — by increasing the likelihood that species will use complementary resources and can also increase the likelihood that a particularly productive or efficient species is present in the community.

Why is it important to protect species diversity within an ecosystem?

Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms.

What causes high species diversity?

The factors related to these patterns of small- scale species richness include (1) geographic factors such as scale of observation, available species pool and dispersal patterns, (2) biotic factors such as competition or predation and (3) abiotic environmental factors such as site resource availability, disturbance and …

Are diverse ecosystems more stable?

Increased alpha diversity (the number of species present) generally leads to greater stability, meaning an ecosystem that has a greater number of species is more likely to withstand a disturbance than an ecosystem of the same size with a lower number of species.

What are the 3 requirements for a stable ecosystem?

Stability of an ecosystem also needs to have a resistance to change. This resistance to change has three forms: Inertia – the resistance to change, Resilience – the ability to recover from change and succession – the replacement of species by another. Individuals are born; they grow, and they die.

Why are complex ecosystems more stable?

ECOLOGISTS have generally held that a complex ecosystem is more likely to be stable than is a simpler one. The reason for connecting stability and complexity seems rather to have been the observation that large scale population oscillations are much more common in simple ecosystems than in complex ones2,3.

Will a large complex system be stable?

Abstract. Gardner and Ashby1 have suggested that large complex systems which are assembled (connected) at random may be expected to be stable up to a certain critical level of connectance, and then, as this increases, to suddenly become unstable.

Which of the following is currently considered the leading cause of extinction?

Deforestation

What is a complex ecosystem?

An ecosystem is a complex system composed of organisms living in a given habitat. Plants and animals are the biotic components of the ecosystem, while the subsoil, water, air, light, temperature, the climate, rains are part of the abiotic components.

What is the most complex ecosystem?

tropical rain forest

Is the atmosphere a complex system?

The Earth is a highly complex system formed by a large variety of sub-systems (biosphere, atmosphere, lithosphere, as well as social and economic systems etc.), which interact by the exchange of matter, energy and information.

Why is climate a complex system?

A complex system is literally one in which there are multiple interactions between many different components. This definition certainly fits the climate system. Consider how rain, falling on Earth, contributes to the growth of plants, which in the process of growing tran- spire the moisture back to the atmosphere.

What is an example of a complex system?

Examples of complex systems include ant-hills, ants themselves, human economies, climate, nervous systems, cells and living things, including human beings, as well as modern energy or telecommunication infrastructures.

What is the relationship between CO2 and temperature?

When the carbon dioxide concentration goes up, temperature goes up. When the carbon dioxide concentration goes down, temperature goes down.

Does CO2 cause a rise in temperature?

When there’s more CO2 in the atmosphere, it makes the atmosphere warmer by trapping heat. Since humans are adding more CO2 to the atmosphere, that helps explain why temperatures are increasing around the world./span>

Why is there a lag between CO2 and temperature?

In the pre-industrial age, the CO2 response to temperature was that the temperature would go up and CO2 would go up. Or if the temperature went down, CO2 would go down. And the reason for that is when the temperature went up, the whole biosphere revved up and emitted CO2, and we had more CO2 in the atmosphere./span>

Where is CO2 now?

The global average atmospheric carbon dioxide in 2019 was 409.8 parts per million (ppm for short), with a range of uncertainty of plus or minus 0.1 ppm. Carbon dioxide levels today are higher than at any point in at least the past 800,000 years./span>

Which reservoir holds the most carbon on Earth?

deep-ocean

How much does CO2 increase temperature?

Scientists say that if CO2 doubles, it could raise the average global temperature of the Earth between two and five degrees Celsius./span>