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2021-05-17

Does subduction occur at mid ocean ridges?

Does subduction occur at mid ocean ridges?

New seafloor is generated from the upper mantle at the mid-oceanic ridges, spreads laterally outward, and is eventually subducted, or consumed, at the margins of ocean basins. Subduction may also occur between two regions of oceanic crust, with older, denser sections underthrusting younger, less-dense ones.

What forms at a subduction zone between an oceanic and a continental plate?

The volcanoes are known as a continental arc. Subduction of an oceanic plate beneath a continental plate causes earthquakes and forms a line of volcanoes known as a continental arc. The movement of crust and magma causes earthquakes.

How are mid ocean ridges and subduction related?

A mid-ocean ridge or mid-oceanic ridge is an underwater mountain range, formed by plate tectonics. Ridge-push occurs when the weight of the ridge pushes the rest of the tectonic plate away from the ridge, often towards a subduction zone. At the subduction zone, “slab-pull” comes into effect.

At what types of boundary do mid-ocean ridges occur?

Mid-ocean ridges occur along divergent plate boundaries, where new ocean floor is created as the Earth’s tectonic plates spread apart. As the plates separate, molten rock rises to the seafloor, producing enormous volcanic eruptions of basalt.

At what types of boundary do mid-ocean ridges occur quizlet?

A mid-ocean ridge or mid-oceanic ridge is an underwater mountain range, formed by plate tectonics. This uplifting of the ocean floor occurs when convection currents rise in the mantle beneath the oceanic crust and create magma where two tectonic plates meet at a divergent boundary.

Is the crust near a divergent boundary older or younger than the crust farther away from the boundary?

Age of the crust: Comparing the ages of the oceanic crust near a mid-ocean ridge shows that the crust is youngest right at the spreading center, and gets progressively older as you move away from the divergent boundary in either direction, aging approximately 1 million years for every 20-40 km from the ridge.

Which discovery did they make about rocks in relation to a mid-ocean ridge?

What they discovered was that the magnetism of the ocean floor around mid-ocean ridges was divided into matching “stripes” on either side of the ridge. The specific magnetism of basalt rock is determined by the Earth’s magnetic field when the magma is cooling.

Which mechanism does older oceanic rock move at a ridge?

Denser plates slide under lighter plates. Denser plates slide under lighter plates. By which mechanism does older oceanic rock move at a ridge? Magnetic forces move the rock.

What happens to oceanic crust as it moves away from the mid-ocean ridge?

The older oceanic crust moves away from the mid-ocean ridge. When lava erupts along a mid – ocean ridge ; it cools, and crystallizes. This permanently records the direction and orientation of Earth’s magnetic field at the time of the eruption. Explain how rocks on the seafloor records magnetic reversals over time.

Which is the first step in the seafloor spreading process?

A crack forms in oceanic crust. Molten rock rises up through oceanic crust. Molten rock solidifies at the center of the ridge.

What causes melting at mid-ocean ridges?

As mantle ascends beneath the mid-ocean ridge, less and less rock lies above it, so large pressure changes occur, which leads to melting. The melt is less dense than the solid, and rises to the surface to form the oceanic crust.

What kind of animals live in the mid-ocean ridge?

“The ridge has the effect of compressing all marine life together into a thin layer, so you have the attaching animals such as corals, sponges and sea lilies, the burrowing and crawling animals, such as worms, sea cucumbers, brittle stars, star fish, crabs and sea spiders, as well as the swimming animals such as fish – …

Are mid-ocean ridges volcanoes?

The mid-ocean ridge is a continuous range of undersea volcanic mountains that encircles the globe almost entirely underwater. It formed and evolves as a result of spreading in Earth’s lithosphere—the crust and upper mantle—at the divergent boundaries between tectonic plates.

What rocks form at mid-ocean ridges?

Igneous rock is formed by the cooling and crystallization of molten magma at volcanoes and mid-ocean ridges, where new crust is generated. Examples of igneous rock are basalt, granite, and andesite (Fig.